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To study the impact of inflammation/sepsis on the concentrations of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in plasma and urine in adult intensive care unit (ICU) patients and to estimate the predictive properties of NGAL in plasma and urine for early detection of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with septic shock. Sixty-five patients(More)
RATIONALE Exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are heterogeneous with respect to inflammation and etiology. OBJECTIVES Investigate biomarker expression in COPD exacerbations to identify biologic clusters and determine biomarkers that recognize clinical COPD exacerbation phenotypes, namely those associated with bacteria, viruses,(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that, without diagnostic changes in serum creatinine, increased neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels identify patients with subclinical acute kidney injury (AKI) and therefore worse prognosis. BACKGROUND Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin detects subclinical AKI hours(More)
BACKGROUND High-sensitivity cardiac troponin assays are being introduced clinically for earlier diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We evaluated the analytical performance of a high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T assay (hscTnT, Roche Diagnostics) in a multicenter, international trial. METHODS Three US and 5 European sites evaluated hscTnT on(More)
The aim of the present study was to compare the cellular pattern and structural changes in the airway walls of atopic and nonatopic patients with asthma. Bronchial biopsy specimens were obtained from 13 atopic subjects with asthma, nine nonatopic patients with asthma, and seven healthy control subjects and investigated using immunohistochemical methods. The(More)
BACKGROUND Biochemical markers are useful for prediction of cardiac events in patients with non-ST-segment-elevation acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The associations between N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and other biochemical and clinical risk indicators, as well as their prognostic value concerning the individual end points of death(More)
BACKGROUND The incremental usefulness of adding multiple biomarkers from different disease pathways for predicting the risk of death from cardiovascular causes has not, to our knowledge, been evaluated among the elderly. METHODS We used data from the Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men (ULSAM), a community-based cohort of elderly men, to investigate(More)
The role of cytokines in the accumulation of eosinophil granulocytes in inflamed tissue has been studied extensively during recent years, and these molecules have been found to participate throughout the whole process of eosinophil recruitment. Haematopoietic cytokines such as IL-3, IL-5 and GM-CSF stimulate the proliferation and differentiation of(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS The importance of eosinophils in the pathogenesis of bronchial asthma is not established. In an attempt to evaluate the role of eosinophilic inflammation in asthma, we compared 10 normal subjects with 43 patients with chronic asthma, 19 of whom had severe disease as assessed by a clinical scoring method described by Aas and by(More)
BACKGROUND We have found a polymorphism in the ECP (eosinophil cationic protein)-gene at position 434 according to GenBank accession number NM 002935. This polymorphism would cause the change of the amino acid arginine (base at position 434 is G) at position 97 to threonine (base at position 434 is C). OBJECTIVE To investigate the prevalence of the(More)