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Mild cognitive impairment (MCI), especially amnestic, often represents pre-dementia Alzheimer's disease, characterized by medial temporal lobe atrophy, while white matter (WM) alterations are insufficiently described. We analyze both cortical morphometric and WM diffusivity differences in amnestic versus non-amnestic subtypes and ask if memory and WM tract(More)
A voxel-based algorithm to correct for partial volume effect in PET brain volumes is presented. This method (named LoReAn) is based on MRI based segmentation of anatomical regions and accurate measurements of the effective point spread function of the PET imaging process. The objective is to correct for the spill-out of activity from high-uptake anatomical(More)
BACKGROUND To determine whether white matter (WM) memory network changes accompany early cognitive impairment and whether these changes represent early, pathologically independent axonal affection, we combined WM diffusion tensor imaging and cortical morphometric measurements of normal control subjects, patients with only subjective cognitive impairment(More)
OBJECTIVE We used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to test the following hypotheses: (1) there is decreased white matter (WM) integrity in non-demented Parkinson's disease (PD), (2) WM integrity is differentially reduced in PD and early Alzheimer's disease (AD) and (3) DTI changes in non-demented PD are specifically associated with cognitive performance. (More)
BACKGROUND Neuropsychological comparisons between patients with mild cognitive impairment due to Parkinson's disease (MCI-PD) and Alzheimer's disease (MCI-AD) is mostly based on indirect comparison of patients with these disorders and normal controls (NC). OBJECTIVE The focus of this study was to make a direct comparison between patients with these(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the relationship between (a) pathologic levels of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) total tau as an index of the intensity of ongoing neuronal degeneration and (b) longitudinal changes in white matter (WM) integrity in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). MATERIALS AND METHODS Participants gave written informed consent, and the(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cerebrovascular disease (CVD) including chronic small vessel disease of the brain (SVD) are the most frequent causes of dementia. AD is associated with metabolism of amyloid precursor protein (APP) and low levels of amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) X-42 in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). CVD and SVD are established risk factors for AD,(More)
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) may affect multiple neuropsychological domains. While amnestic MCI is associated with Alzheimer's disease, patterns of brain pathology in non-amnestic subtypes have been less studied. Twenty-three patients with attention/executive MCI (a/e MCI), seen at a university-based memory clinic, and 23 normal controls, matched(More)
Neuropathological correlates of Alzheimer's disease (AD) emerge years before dementia. Biomarkers preceding cognitive decline and reflecting the causative processes can potentially aid early intervention and diagnosis. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) indirectly reflects tissue microstructure. To answer whether DTI is an early biomarker for AD and to explore(More)
AIMS To improve early diagnosis of dementia disease, this study investigates correlates of cognitive complaints and cognitive test performance in patients with subjective (SCI) and mild (MCI) cognitive impairment. METHODS Seventy patients from a memory clinic, aged 45-79, with a score of 2 (n = 23) or 3 (n = 47) on the Global Deterioration Scale, were(More)