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Increasing parity is associated with a reduction in the risk of ovarian cancer, but it is not clear whether this association applies to different histopathological types and to borderline tumours. Moreover, the temporal relations are poorly understood, and the possible role of age at first birth remains unequivocal. We have investigated these issues in a(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the association between hormonal infertility treatment and ovarian neoplasia. DESIGN Historical cohort study. SETTING Three university hospitals in Sweden. PATIENT(S) A total of 2,768 women assessed and treated for infertility and infertility-associated disorders between 1961 and 1975. INTERVENTION(S) Exposed women received(More)
BACKGROUND The primary aims were to compare the pain-relieving effect and post-operative well-being between electro-acupuncture analgesia (EA) and conventional analgesia (CA) comprising opiates. Further aims were to compare time for mobilization, and costs for time and drug consumption. METHODS In all, 160 women undergoing IVF were randomized, according(More)
CONTEXT In congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) caused by different mutations, feminizing surgery is mostly performed in childhood, and many patients are lost to follow-up. OBJECTIVE/PATIENTS A follow-up study on 62 CAH women aged 18-63 yr and 62 age-matched controls to correlate findings of both operative method and mutation was performed. DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND Low pregnancy rate has been reported in women with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) and little information on pregnancy and children is known. METHODS In a Swedish study, 62 adult women with CAH, aged 18-63 years, and 62 age-matched controls were followed-up. Medical records, including those concerning pregnancies and deliveries, were(More)
We have recently shown that polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with high muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA). Animal studies support the concept that low-frequency electroacupuncture (EA) and physical exercise, via stimulation of ergoreceptors and somatic afferents in the muscles, may modulate the activity of the sympathetic nervous system.(More)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the most common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age, is characterized by hyperandrogenism, oligo/amenorrhea, and polycystic ovaries. We aimed to determine whether low-frequency electro-acupuncture (EA) would decrease hyperandrogenism and improve oligo/amenorrhea more effectively than physical exercise or no(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe and compare quality of life in men and women who had in vitro fertilization (IVF) within the Swedish public health system 4-5.5 years previously, either unsuccessfully and were subsequently living without children, or successfully, having children aged 4-5.5 years. These groups were compared to a control group of men and women with(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize ovarian morphology and perfusion by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and to investigate associations with antimüllerian hormone (AMH), free T, and glucose disposal rate (GDR). DESIGN Explorative cross-sectional study. SETTING University hospital. PATIENT(S)(More)
BACKGROUND Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have symptoms of depression and anxiety and impaired health related quality of life (HRQoL). Here we test the post-hoc hypothesis that acupuncture and exercise improve depression and anxiety symptoms and HRQoL in PCOS women. METHODS Seventy-two PCOS women were randomly assigned to 16 weeks of 1)(More)