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This study investigated the concentration-response relation between air pollution (nitrogen dioxide and particulate matter pollutants PM(10) and PM(2.5)) and cause-specific mortality. The population included all inhabitants of Oslo, Norway, aged 51-90 years on January 1, 1992 (n = 143,842) with follow-up of deaths from 1992 to 1998. An air dispersion model(More)
BACKGROUND Ambient air pollution is suspected to cause lung cancer. We aimed to assess the association between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and lung cancer incidence in European populations. METHODS This prospective analysis of data obtained by the European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects used data from 17 cohort studies based in(More)
BACKGROUND The well documented urban/rural difference in lung cancer incidence and the detection of known carcinogens in the atmosphere have produced the hypothesis that long term air pollution may have an effect on lung cancer. The association between incidence of lung cancer and long term air pollution exposure was investigated in a cohort of Oslo men(More)
We investigated the association between total and cause-specific mortality and individual measures of long-term air pollution exposure in a cohort of Norwegian men followed from 1972-1973 through 1998. Data from a follow-up study on cardiovascular risk factors among 16,209 men 40-49 years of age living in Oslo, Norway, in 1972-1973 were linked with data(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies on long-term exposure to air pollution and mortality have been reported from Europe. Within the multicentre European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects (ESCAPE), we aimed to investigate the association between natural-cause mortality and long-term exposure to several air pollutants. METHODS We used data from 22 European(More)
  • Per Nafstad
  • Tidsskrift for den Norske laegeforening…
  • 2004
BACKGROUND This paper addresses the contribution from epidemiological research to our current understanding of the health effects of ambient air pollution. MATERIAL AND METHODS Well-known examples from the international literature are presented in order to describe the most commonly used research designs and show how such studies have contributed to our(More)
Identifying the ambient particulate matter (PM) fractions or constituents, critically involved in eliciting adverse health effects, is crucial to the implementation of more cost-efficient abatement strategies to improve air quality. This review focuses on the importance of different particle properties for PM-induced effects, and whether there is(More)
We assessed the role of ventilation rate in homes in the development of bronchial obstruction during the first 2 years of life. We conducted a matched case-control study based on a cohort of 3,754 newborns in Oslo in 1992-93 that was followed for 2 years. The case series comprised 172 children with bronchial obstruction, and the control series was(More)
BACKGROUND It is still unclear how early-life exposure to pets is related to children's risk of developing atopy-related diseases. We estimated associations between early-life exposure to pets and atopy-related diseases at 0-4 years of life in a cohort of Norwegian children. METHODS A population-based cohort of 2531 children born in Oslo, Norway, was(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term exposure to outdoor air pollution has typically been estimated on the aggregate level, and more individual measures of exposure are needed. We investigated the associations with lung function of residential outdoor air pollution in early life, total lifetime, and days before lung function test. METHODS In 2001-2002, spirometry was(More)