Dioctadecyldimethylammonium bromide (DODAB) is a double chain cationic lipid, which assembles as bilayer structures in aqueous solution. The precise structures formed depend on, e.g., lipid concentration and temperature. We here combine differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray scattering (SAXS and WAXS) to investigate the thermal and structural… (More)
BACKGROUND Gremmeniella abietina (Lagerb.) Morelet is an ascomycete fungus that causes stem canker and shoot dieback in many conifer species. The fungus is widespread and causes severe damage to forest plantations in Europe, North America and Asia. To facilitate early diagnosis and improve measures to control the spread of the disease, rapid, specific and… (More)
The official data on traffic victims are based on police-reported accidents. Many authors have shown that these data are not fully representative. In order to obtain reliable accident statistics, it is suggested that these be based primarily on injured persons with long-term consequences.
Injury scaling is an important issue in the traffic safety field. A comparison was made between the severity of injuries as graded according to the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and the severity 5 years after the accident. It was found that among persons with permanent medical disability greater than or equal to 10%, 20% were given an AIS score of 1, i.e.… (More)
AIS and ISS are the scales almost exclusively used today in accident research for estimating severity of injury and mortality. The limitations in these scales are discussed. These limitations are considered in the new Probability of Death Score (PODS).
Epidemiological studies of accidents are based on the methods used in studying contagious diseases together with time factors. Essential is the understanding of the interrelations between these factors. Difficulties in obtaining a complete material must be considered as all sources used today have limitations.