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AIS and ISS are the scales almost exclusively used today in accident research for estimating severity of injury and mortality. The limitations in these scales are discussed. These limitations are considered in the new Probability of Death Score (PODS).
The official data on traffic victims are based on police-reported accidents. Many authors have shown that these data are not fully representative. In order to obtain reliable accident statistics, it is suggested that these be based primarily on injured persons with long-term consequences.
425 road traffic casualties, all covered by the National Insurance Scheme, were followed up regarding duration of inability to work. The average for the whole group was 35 days. There was a close relation between seriousness of injury and time off work. Motorcyclists had the longest time off work and cyclists injured in bicycle accidents the shortest.… (More)