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Molecular probes for selective identification of protein aggregates are important to advance our understanding of the molecular pathogenesis underlying cerebral amyloidoses. Here we report the chemical design of pentameric thiophene derivatives, denoted luminescent conjugated oligothiophenes (LCOs), which could be used for real-time visualization of(More)
Factors controlling the onset and progression of extracellular amyloid diseases remain largely unknown. Central to disease etiology is the efficiency of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) machinery that targets destabilized mutant proteins for degradation and the enhanced tendency of these variants to aggregate if secreted. We demonstrate that mammalian cells(More)
Most loss-of-function diseases are caused by aberrant folding of important proteins. These proteins often misfold due to mutations. The disease marble brain syndrome (MBS), known also as carbonic anhydrase II deficiency syndrome (CADS), can manifest in carriers of point mutations in the human carbonic anhydrase II (HCA II) gene. One mutation associated with(More)
Carriers of the D18G transthyretin (TTR) mutation display an unusual central nervous system (CNS) phenotype with late onset of disease. D18G TTR is monomeric and highly prone to misfold and aggregate even at physiological conditions. Extremely low levels of mutant protein circulate both in human serum and cerebrospinal fluid, indicating impaired secretion(More)
Molecular probes for selective identification of protein aggregates are important to advance our understanding of the molecular pathogenesis underlying protein aggregation diseases. Here we report the chemical design of a library of anionic luminescent conjugated oligothiophenes (LCOs), which can be utilized as ligands for detection of protein aggregates.(More)
Over 70 transthyretin (TTR) mutations facilitate amyloidosis in tissues other than the central nervous system (CNS). In contrast, the D18G TTR mutation in individuals of Hungarian descent leads to CNS amyloidosis. D18G forms inclusion bodies in Escherichia coli, unlike the other disease-associated TTR variants overexpressed to date. Denaturation and(More)
Rapid and accurate detection of amyloid deposits in routine surgical pathology settings are of great importance. The use of fluorescence microscopy in combination with appropriate amyloid specific dyes is very promising in this regard. Here we report that a luminescent conjugated oligothiophene, h-FTAA, rapidly and with high sensitivity and selectivity(More)
Luminescent-conjugated oligo- and polythiophenes (LCOs and LCPs) are valuable tools for optical imaging of a plethora of protein aggregates associated with amyloidoses. Here, we describe the utilization of an anionic pentameric LCO, p-FTAA, for staining of protein aggregates in a variety of platforms, including in vitro-formed amyloid fibrils and tissue(More)
The polymorphic β-amyloid lesions present in individuals with Alzheimer's disease are collectively known as cerebral β-amyloidosis. Amyloid precursor protein (APP) transgenic mouse models similarly develop β-amyloid depositions that differ in morphology, binding of amyloid conformation-sensitive dyes, and Aβ40/Aβ42 peptide ratio. To determine the nature of(More)
The polymorphic b-amyloid lesions present in individuals with Alzheimer's disease are collectively known as cerebral b-amyloidosis. Amyloid precursor protein (APP) transgenic mouse models similarly develop b-amyloid depositions that differ in morphology, binding of amyloid conformation-sensitive dyes, and Ab40/Ab42 peptide ratio. To determine the nature of(More)