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Genomic DNA copy number alterations are key genetic events in the development and progression of human cancers. Here we report a genome-wide microarray comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH) analysis of DNA copy number variation in a series of primary human breast tumors. We have profiled DNA copy number alteration across 6,691 mapped human genes, in(More)
Clinical and endocrinological effects of exemestane (6-methylenandrosta-1,4-diene-3,17-dione; PNU 155971) were evaluated in an open Phase I study. Thirteen postmenopausal women suffering from advanced breast cancer received exemestane in escalating doses over a 12-week period. Starting on 5 mg once daily (o.d.), exemestane was subsequently escalated at(More)
Estrogen deprivation is an effective approach for treatment of hormone sensitive breast cancer. While much is known about plasma estrogen levels with respect to castration in premenopausal women and use of aromatase inhibitors in postmenopausal women, currently there is increasing interest in intra-tumour estrogen production. However, knowledge about(More)
The aromatase inhibitor, 'pyridoglutethimide' (PyG), has been shown previously to suppress serum oestrogen levels in postmenopausal breast cancer patients and to achieve clinical responses at a dose of 500 mg twice daily (b.d.). This report gives the results of a detailed pharmacokinetic and endocrine study of PyG in ten patients. Four doses were tested at(More)
The p53 tumour-suppressor gene is important in the regulation of cell growth and apoptosis, and loss of functional wild-type activity may be associated with tumour formation and resistance to therapy. Differentiation of functionally normal wild-type protein from mutant or abnormal protein remains difficult using either immunohistochemical assays or(More)
Peripheral aromatase activity was measured in 24 postmenopausal women suffering from advanced breast cancer. The % conversion of androstenedione to oestrone was then assessed for a significant correlation with age, weight, height, Quetelets index (weight/height2, Q.I.) and length of menopause. Serum oestradiol (E2) levels were measured in 22 of the subjects(More)
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