Per Engstrand

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Breakthrough pain (BKP) is a transitory flare of pain that occurs on a background of relatively well controlled baseline pain. Previous surveys have found that BKP is highly prevalent among patients with cancer pain and predicts more severe pain, pain-related distress and functional impairment, and relatively poor quality of life. An international group of(More)
BACKGROUND Brånemark fixtures were originally prescribed to be placed in two surgical stages. During the past years, reports on the placement of machined titanium implants in a one-stage procedure have been published, and the results have been encouraging. Recently there has been considerable interest in early or immediate loading. PURPOSE The purpose of(More)
Despite refinements in surgical technique, including bone grafting and sophisticated prosthetic reconstructions, there are limitations to what can be achieved with bone-anchored fixed prostheses in patients with advanced atrophy of the maxillae. A new approach was suggested by a long-term study on onlay bone grafting and simultaneous placement of a fixture(More)
As an emerging cellulosic nanomaterial, microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) and nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) have shown enormous potential in the forest products industry. The forest products industry and academia are working together to realise the possibilities of commercializing MFC and NFC. However, there are still needs to improve the processing,(More)
Patients with advanced, incurable disease need easy access to qualified care. Basic palliative care should be provided in all clinical hospital departments and in community care. In addition, palliative care units in hospitals and nursing homes, and ambulatory, multidisciplinary, palliative care teams have a supportive role by providing teaching, advice,(More)
BACKGROUND The long-term predictability reported with the traditional two-staged Brånemark method has led to developments aimed at simplifying the technique and reducing healing time. Results from a pilot study using the Brånemark Novum concept are promising, and it has been shown possible to fabricate and deliver an implant-supported fixed prosthesis to(More)
The aim of this investigation was to find new approaches to evaluate the performance of lowconsistency refiners. Data from a paper mill producing TMP from Norway spruce was used in order to find a possible way to calculate the power split between the zones in a TwinFlo refiner. An assumption of equal amount of fibres captured between overlapping bars was(More)
In this study, biorefinery as a concept is applied to thermomechanical pulp (TMP)-based paper production to evaluate the possibility of co-production of synthetic natural gas (SNG), electricity and district heating in addition to mechanical pulp and paper. The combined heat and power plant (CHP) associated to TMP is replaced by a biomass-to-SNG (BtSNG)(More)
The psychological effects of tooth loss in the permanent dentition are relatively unknown. Complete edentulousness is a serious life event in terms of readjustment. The aim of the study was to describe the process patients with deteriorating dental status had gone through before treatment with a fixed prosthesis (Brånemark System, Novum), and to describe(More)