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OBJECT Periods of brain tissue ischemia are common after severe head injury, and their occurrence and duration are negatively correlated with outcome. Accurate and reliable measurement of brain tissue oxygenation (B(ti) pO(2)) may be a key to improve patient outcome after severe head injury. Knowledge of stability and accuracy of the B(ti) pO(2) systems is(More)
The authors have developed a method for routine monitoring of disturbances in brain energy metabolism and extracellular levels of excitatory amino acids using intracerebral microdialysis in 10 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Microdialysis was conducted for periods ranging from 6 to 11 days after ictus. Altogether, 16,054 chemical analyses from 1647(More)
Intracerebral microdialysis (MD) was applied in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. The regional CBF, the CMRO2, and oxygen extraction ratio (OER) were measured with simultaneous positron emission tomography (PET). The aim was to directly correlate alterations in dialysate levels of energy-related metabolites (lactate, lactate/pyruvate ratio,(More)
Oxidative stress is a major contributor to the secondary injury process after experimental traumatic brain injury (TBI). The importance of oxidative stress in the pathobiology of human TBI is largely unknown. The F(2)-isoprostane 8-iso-prostaglandin F(2α) (8-iso-PGF(2α)), synthesized in vivo through non-enzymatic free radical catalyzed peroxidation of(More)
BACKGROUND Intracerebral microdialysis (MD) was applied in patients with severe subarachnoid haemorrhage treated in a neurosurgical intensive care unit in order to explore their cerebral energy metabolism. METHOD Brain MD fluid levels of glucose, lactate and pyruvate were measured for 3 to 12 days in 20 patients and 2,635 hourly samples were analysed. The(More)
OBJECTIVE The vulnerability of the brain is considered to be increased after trauma. The present study was undertaken to determine whether intracranial volume insults in the posttraumatic period led to increased metabolic disturbances if intracranial compliance was decreased. METHODS A weight drop technique with a brain compression of 1.5 mm was used for(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the occurrence of secondary insults during neurointensive care of patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage using a computerized multimodality monitoring system and to study the impact of secondary insults on clinical deterioration and functional outcome. METHODS Patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage who were admitted to the neurointensive(More)
In this study we present the population-based patient material with spontaneous SAH, treated in our Neurosurgical unit during the 10 years (1997-2006) after the introduction of endovascular treatment of aneurysms (EVT) in our hospital. All patients that had a spontaneous SAH and a potential to survive were admitted. The present study comprises 1471(More)
OBJECT The aim of this study was to compare the effects of two different treatment protocols on physiological characteristics and outcome in patients with brain trauma. One protocol was primarily oriented toward reducing intracranial pressure (ICP), and the other primarily on maintaining cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP). METHODS A series of 67 patients(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE It is often thought that elderly patients in particular would benefit from endovascular aneurysm treatment. The aim of this analysis was therefore to compare the efficacy and safety of endovascular coiling (EVT) with neurosurgical clipping (NST) in the subgroup of elderly SAH patients in the International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial(More)