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OBJECT Periods of brain tissue ischemia are common after severe head injury, and their occurrence and duration are negatively correlated with outcome. Accurate and reliable measurement of brain tissue oxygenation (B(ti) pO(2)) may be a key to improve patient outcome after severe head injury. Knowledge of stability and accuracy of the B(ti) pO(2) systems is(More)
In 545 consecutive patients undergoing elective or emergency surgery for colorectal cancer (370 colon and 175 rectum), mortality and morbidity were analysed in different age groups with special reference to patients over 80 years old. In that group, 33% had an emergency operation, compared with 18% below that age. Postoperative mortality after elective(More)
The authors have developed a method for routine monitoring of disturbances in brain energy metabolism and extracellular levels of excitatory amino acids using intracerebral microdialysis in 10 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Microdialysis was conducted for periods ranging from 6 to 11 days after ictus. Altogether, 16,054 chemical analyses from 1647(More)
Intracerebral microdialysis (MD) was applied in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. The regional CBF, the CMRO2, and oxygen extraction ratio (OER) were measured with simultaneous positron emission tomography (PET). The aim was to directly correlate alterations in dialysate levels of energy-related metabolites (lactate, lactate/pyruvate ratio,(More)
BACKGROUND Prolonged coma is not an uncommon clinical problem following resuscitation from cardiac arrest. Early and precise prediction of outcome is highly desirable for ethical and economical reasons. The aims of this study were to use positron emission tomography (PET) to investigate the regional dynamic changes of cerebral blood flow and metabolism(More)
BACKGROUND Intracerebral microdialysis (MD) was applied in patients with severe subarachnoid haemorrhage treated in a neurosurgical intensive care unit in order to explore their cerebral energy metabolism. METHOD Brain MD fluid levels of glucose, lactate and pyruvate were measured for 3 to 12 days in 20 patients and 2,635 hourly samples were analysed. The(More)
Oxidative stress is a major contributor to the secondary injury process after experimental traumatic brain injury (TBI). The importance of oxidative stress in the pathobiology of human TBI is largely unknown. The F(2)-isoprostane 8-iso-prostaglandin F(2α) (8-iso-PGF(2α)), synthesized in vivo through non-enzymatic free radical catalyzed peroxidation of(More)
OBJECTIVE The vulnerability of the brain is considered to be increased after trauma. The present study was undertaken to determine whether intracranial volume insults in the posttraumatic period led to increased metabolic disturbances if intracranial compliance was decreased. METHODS A weight drop technique with a brain compression of 1.5 mm was used for(More)
BACKGROUND Traditionally acute life-saving evacuations of extracerebral haematomas are performed by general surgeons on vital indication in county hospitals in the Uppsala-Örebro health care region in Sweden, a region characterized by long distances and a sparsely distributed population. Recently, it was stated in the guidelines for prehospital care of(More)
OBJECT The aim of this study was to compare the effects of two different treatment protocols on physiological characteristics and outcome in patients with brain trauma. One protocol was primarily oriented toward reducing intracranial pressure (ICP), and the other primarily on maintaining cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP). METHODS A series of 67 patients(More)