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PURPOSE Many children with epilepsy do not satisfactorily respond to conventional pharmacological therapy, but to the ketogenic diet, a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet. This diet increases the concentrations of ketone bodies and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma. However, its anticonvulsant mechanism is not known.(More)
The ketogenic diet (KD) is an established treatment for medically refractory pediatric epilepsy. Its anticonvulsant mechanism is still unclear. We examined the influence of the KD on the CSF levels of excitatory and inhibitory amino acids in 26 children (mean age 6.1 years) with refractory epilepsy. Seventeen amino acids were determined before and at a mean(More)
Influence of the ketogenic diet on plasma concentrations of antiepileptic drugs was investigated in an open clinical study of 51 children (mean age 6.6 years) with medically refractory epilepsy. The plasma levels of concomitantly used antiepileptic drugs were determined immediately before and 3 months after initiating the ketogenic diet. To compensate for(More)
The ketogenic diet (KD) is used to treat medically refractory epilepsy in children. Alterations of fatty acid (FA) levels may reflect one mechanism of action. We examined the influence of the KD on FA levels and seizure control. The levels of 17 FAs in plasma phospholipids were determined before and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after initiation of the KD in 25(More)
The ketogenic diet is a therapeutic diet used to treat medically refractory epilepsy in children. It was found to be effective and safe. Apart from a reduced number of seizures, positive cognitive effects were described. The mechanisms of action are not fully understood, but both antiseizure and antiepileptogenic effects were proposed. Among other changes(More)
BACKGROUND This Scandinavian collaborative retrospective study of children treated with ketogenic diet (KD) highlights indications and effectiveness over two years follow-up. METHODS Five centres specialised in KD collected data retrospectively on 315 patients started on KD from 1999 to 2009. Twenty-five patients who stopped the diet within four weeks(More)
The ketogenic diet (KD) is a non-pharmacological treatment of medically refractory epilepsy in children. Its mechanisms of action are still unclear but monoamine neurotransmitters have been proposed to be involved. Norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin are known to modulate seizure susceptibility in many animal models. We examined whether the(More)
The aim was to explore the frequency of genetic and other medical conditions, including epilepsy, in a population-based group of 208 preschool children with early diagnosis of Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and to relate outcome at a 2-year follow-up to the co-existing medical findings. They had all received early intervention. The Vineland Adaptive(More)
Monitoring with continuous EEG (cEEG) has become a valuable tool in the adult neurointensive care unit. The benefits of cEEG or amplitude-integrated EEG in neonatal intensive care have also been described. The aim of the present study was to describe and evaluate the use of cEEG in a paediatric intensive care unit. The study is a description of children and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical use of a method to assess hemispheric language dominance in pediatric candidates for epilepsy surgery. The method is designed for patients but has previously been evaluated with healthy children. METHODS Nineteen patients, 8-18 years old, with intractable epilepsy and candidates for epilepsy(More)