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Despite the promise of intranasal oxytocin (OT) for modulating social behavior, recent work has provided mixed results. This may relate to suboptimal drug deposition achieved with conventional nasal sprays, inter-individual differences in nasal physiology and a poor understanding of how intranasal OT is delivered to the brain in humans. Delivering OT using(More)
Nasal delivery is the logical choice for topical treatment of local diseases in the nose and paranasal sinuses such as allergic and non-allergic rhinitis and sinusitis. The nose is also considered an attractive route for needle-free vaccination and for systemic drug delivery, especially when rapid absorption and effect are desired. In addition, nasal(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to directly compare the pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of 22-mg sumatriptan powder delivered intranasally with a novel Breath Powered™ device (11 mg in each nostril) vs a 20-mg sumatriptan liquid nasal spray, a 100-mg oral tablet, and a 6-mg subcutaneous injection. BACKGROUND A prior PK study found that low doses of(More)
The nose offers an attractive noninvasive alternative for drug delivery. Nasal anatomy, with a large mucosal surface area and high vascularity, allows for rapid systemic absorption and other potential benefits. However, the complex nasal geometry, including the narrow anterior valve, poses a serious challenge to efficient drug delivery. This barrier, plus(More)
Exposure to gases and dust may induce airway inflammation. It was hypothesized that heavy construction workers who had been exposed to dust and gases in underground construction work for 1 yr, would have early signs of upper and lower airway inflammation, as compared to outdoor workers. A study group comprising 29 nonsmoking underground concrete workers(More)
The objective of this study is to compare the properties of two of the most frequently used acoustic rhinometers: the EcoVision (Hood Laboratories, USA) using the transient technique, and the Rhin2100 (RhinoMetrics, Denmark) using the continuous wide-band technique. In the wide-band rhinometer (Rhin2100), the transient analog signals of traditional(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES The present study introduces a method that has been developed to improve the remote collection and transportation of gas samples from the nose and lungs. DESIGN Assessment of agreement between two methods of clinical measurements. SETTING Noninvasive exhaled gas measurement at a respiratory research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS Ten(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of AVP-825, a drug-device combination of low-dose sumatriptan powder (22 mg loaded dose) delivered intranasally through a targeted Breath Powered device vs an identical device containing lactose powder (placebo device) in the treatment of migraine headache. BACKGROUND Early treatment of migraine headaches is(More)
In this work, the aerodynamics and particle flow patterns in the human nose are simulated by Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). The simulations were carried out by use of Fluent, and the volume grid was generated by Tgrid. To be able to perform successful CFD-calculations of the nose, construction of a proper surface grid of the nasal cavity was mandatory.(More)