Per Borghammer

Learn More
AIM Recent studies of Parkinson's disease (PD) report subcortical increases of cerebral blood flow (CBF) or cerebral metabolic rate of glucose (CMRglc), after conventional normalization to the global mean. However, if the global mean CBF or CMRglc is decreased in the PD group, this normalization necessarily generates artificial relative increases in regions(More)
Hyperoxic therapy for cerebral ischemia is suspected to reduce cerebral blood flow (CBF), due to the vasoconstrictive effect of oxygen on cerebral arterioles. We hypothesized that vasodilation predominates when 5% CO(2) is added to the inhaled oxygen (carbogen). Therefore, we used positron emission tomography (PET) to measure CBF and cerebral metabolic rate(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Previous volumetric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies of Parkinson's disease (PD) utilized primarily voxel-based morphometry (VBM), and investigated mostly patients with moderate- to late-stage disease. We now use deformation-based morphometry (DBM), a method purported to be more sensitive than VBM, to test for atrophy in(More)
INTRODUCTION In positron emission tomography (PET) studies of cerebral blood flow (CBF) and metabolism, the large interindividual variation commonly is minimized by normalization to the global mean prior to statistical analysis. This approach requires that no between-group or between-state differences exist in the normalization region. Given the variability(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS It is unclear whether patients with hepatic encephalopathy (HE) have disturbed brain oxygen metabolism and blood flow. METHODS We measured cerebral oxygen metabolism rate (CMRO(2)) by using (15)O-oxygen positron emission tomography (PET); and cerebral blood flow (CBF) by using (15)O-water PET in 6 patients with liver cirrhosis and an(More)
Recent cerebral blood flow (CBF) and glucose consumption (CMRglc) studies of Parkinson’s disease (PD) revealed conflicting results. Using simulated data, we previously demonstrated that the often-reported subcortical hypermetabolism in PD could be explained as an artifact of biased global mean (GM) normalization, and that low-magnitude, extensive cortical(More)
BACKGROUND The prognosis of glioma patients is contingent on precise target selection for stereotactic biopsies and the extent of tumor resection. (11)C-L-methionine (MET) positron emission tomography (PET) demonstrates tumor heterogeneity and invasion with high diagnostic accuracy. PURPOSE To compare the spatial tumor distribution delineated by MET PET(More)
Conventional indices of the utilization of FDOPA in living human brain have not consistently revealed important declines in dopamine function with normal aging. However, most methods of kinetic analysis have assumed irreversible trapping of decarboxylated FDOPA metabolites in brain, an assumption that is violated even in PET recordings of short duration.(More)
OBJECTIVE Parkinson's disease (PD) may be caused by an enteric neurotropic pathogen entering the brain through the vagal nerve, a process that may take over 20 years. We investigated the risk of PD in patients who underwent vagotomy and hypothesized that truncal vagotomy is associated with a protective effect, whereas superselective vagotomy has a minor(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) has been associated with a distinctive parkinsonian personality, characterized by conscientiousness, punctuality, industriousness, and reduced novelty-seeking, as compared with healthy elderly persons. Similar traits are identified in relation to depression. The objective of the study was to elucidate the relationship between the(More)