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About five out of 1,000 patients admitted to hospital develop bacterial sepsis leading to shock, the mortality rate for which is high despite antibiotic therapy. The infection results in hypotension and poor tissue perfusion, and eventually leads to the failure of several organ systems. Bacterial endotoxin is thought to be the direct cause of shock in(More)
Despite more than 25 years of research, the molecular targets of quinoline-3-carboxamides have been elusive although these compounds are currently in Phase II and III development for treatment of autoimmune/inflammatory diseases in humans. Using photoaffinity cross-linking of a radioactively labelled quinoline-3-carboxamide compound, we could determine a(More)
By breeding TRAMP mice with S100A9 knock-out (S100A9(-/-)) animals and scoring the appearance of palpable tumors we observed a delayed tumor growth in animals devoid of S100A9 expression. CD11b(+) S100A9 expressing cells were not observed in normal prostate tissue from control C57BL/6 mice but were readily detected in TRAMP prostate tumors. Also, S100A9(More)
S100A4 and S100A9 proteins have been described as playing roles in the control of tumor growth and metastasis. We show here that a chemical probe, oxyclozanide (OX), selected for inhibiting the interaction between S100A9 and the receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) interacts with both S100A9 and S100A4. Furthermore, we show that S100A9 and(More)
Implantable electrical devices have been in use over decades to restore vital functions. Among the wellknown devices are pace makers for regulating heart rate, neurostimulators for treating neurological disorders, and cochlear implants for rescuing the hearing organ. The cochlear implant is used for patients with severe neuro-sensory hearing loss. The(More)
BACKGROUND Human S100A12 is a member of the S100 family of EF-hand calcium-modulated proteins that are associated with many diseases including cancer, chronic inflammation and neurological disorders. S100A12 is an important factor in host/parasite defenses and in the inflammatory response. Like several other S100 proteins, it binds zinc and copper in(More)
Superantigens activate T-cells by linking the T-cell receptor to MHC class II on antigen-presenting cells, and novel reactivity can be introduced by fusing the superantigen to a targeting molecule. Thus, an antibody-targeted superantigen, which activates T cells to destroy tumour cells, might be used as cancer therapy. A suitable target is the 5T4 oncofetal(More)
The T lymphocytes are the most important effector cells in immunotherapy of cancer. The conceptual objective for developing the tumor targeted superantigen (TTS) ABR-217620 (naptumomab estafenatox, 5T4Fab-SEA/E-120), now in phase 3 studies for advanced renal cell cancer, was to selectively coat tumor cells with cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) target(More)
Staphylococcal enterotoxin H (SEH) has been described as a superantigen by sequence homology with the SEA subfamily and briefly characterized for its in vivo activity. In this study, we demonstrate that SEH is a potent T cell mitogen and inducer of T cell cytotoxicity that possesses unique MHC class II-binding properties. The apparent affinity of SEH for(More)
Protein-protein interactions are widely found in biological systems controlling diverse cellular events. Because these interactions are implicated in many diseases such as autoimmunity and cancer, regulation of protein-protein interactions provides ideal targets for drug intervention. The CD80-CD28 costimulatory pathway plays a critical role in regulation(More)