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A new approach for a distributed file system SILENUS based on the federated service-oriented computing environment SORCER is presented. Instead of services running on specific computers, the system is build from federating services in the network. The services are: byte-store service (Byzantium) for the storage of the actual date; metadata-store service(More)
Sepsis, a life-threatening complication of infections and the most common cause of death in intensive care units, is characterized by a hyperactive and out-of-balance network of endogenous proinflammatory cytokines. None of the current therapies are entirely effective, illustrating the need for novel therapeutic approaches. Ghrelin (GHR) is an orexigenic(More)
Administration of in vitro expanded mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) represents a promising therapy for regenerative medicine and autoimmunity. Both mouse and human MSCs ameliorate autoimmune disease in syn-, allo- and xenogeneic settings. However, MSC preparations are heterogeneous which impairs their therapeutic efficacy and endorses variability between(More)
Protective immunity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis requires CD4+ lymphocyte-mediated immune responses and IFN-gamma activity. As the primary portal of entry of M. tuberculosis is the lung, pulmonary immune responses against multiple M. tuberculosis Ags were compared between both M. tuberculosis-exposed tuberculin skin test-positive healthy household(More)
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) represent a promising tool for therapy in regenerative medicine, transplantation, and autoimmune disease due to their trophic and immunomodulatory activities. However, we are still far from understanding the mechanisms of action of MSCs in these processes. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 is a pleiotropic cytokine(More)
The induction of immune tolerance is essential for the maintenance of immune homeostasis and to limit the occurrence of exacerbated inflammatory and autoimmune conditions. Multiple mechanisms act together to ensure self-tolerance, including central clonal deletion, cytokine deviation and induction of regulatory T cells. Identifying the factors that regulate(More)
Mutations in the WAS gene cause Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS), which is characterized by eczema, immunodeficiency and microthrombocytopenia. Although the role of WASP in lymphocytes and myeloid cells is well characterized, its role on megakaryocyte (MK) development is poorly understood. In order to develop a human cellular model that mimics the(More)
Genetic manipulation of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) is instrumental for tracing lineage commitment and to studying human development. Here we used hematopoietic-specific Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome gene (WAS)-promoter driven lentiviral vectors (LVs) to achieve highly specific gene expression in hESCs-derived hematopoietic cells. We first demonstrated(More)
Identification of the factors that regulate the immune tolerance and control the appearance of exacerbated inflammatory conditions is crucial for the development of new therapies of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Although much is known about the molecular basis of initiating signals and pro-inflammatory chemical mediators in inflammation, it has only(More)
Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have emerged as a promising therapy for autoimmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis (MS). Administration of MSCs to MS patients has proven safe with signs of immunomodulation but their therapeutic efficacy remains low. The aim of the current study has been to further characterize the immunomodulatory(More)