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Enzyme prodrug therapy using neural progenitor cells (NPCs) as delivery vehicles has been applied in animal models of gliomas and relies on gap junction communication (GJC) between delivery and target cells. This study investigated the effects of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors on GJC for the purpose of facilitating transfer of therapeutic molecules(More)
Thy-1-like immunoreactivity was found in several areas of the immature and adult human brain, using indirect immunofluorescence techniques. In the fetal brain (31 gestational weeks) most immunoreactivity was located in the white matter with an overall granular diffuse distribution and stray fluorescent fibrous structures radiating into grey matter. At 2(More)
The aim of the present study was to characterize the morphological and neurochemical differentiation of mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons in human embryos, derived from elective first trimester abortions. Embryonic brain tissue was taken for analysis of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) by immunohistochemistry and Western blot, and for analysis of endogenous(More)
Human glioblastoma cell cultures were established and the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and the gap-junction protein connexin 43 (Cx43) was confirmed by Western blot. Following treatment with 4-phenylbutyrate (4-PB), increased concentrations of non-phosphorylated GFAP were seen, while phosphorylated isoforms remained intact.(More)
BACKGROUND Previous observational studies have reported a higher risk of stroke in migraine patients. Objective.- We aimed to estimate the risk of stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), or death in migraineurs in the UK. METHOD We conducted a population-based follow-up study within the General Practice Research Database from 1994 to 2001. RESULTS The(More)
The ability of herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (HSV-tk)-expressing cells incubated with ganciclovir (GCV) to induce cytotoxicity in neighboring HSV-tk-negative (bystander) cells has been well documented. Although it has been suggested that this bystander cell killing occurs via the transfer of phosphorylated GCV, the mechanism(s) of this(More)
BACKGROUND Previous observational studies reported an increased prevalence of asthma in migraine patients. Whether triptans affect the asthma risk has not yet been explored in an epidemiological study. OBJECTIVE To estimate the risk of newly diagnosed asthma in patients with a general practitioner-diagnosed migraine in the UK between 1994 and 2001. (More)
BACKGROUND. Recombinant human PDGF-BB (rhPDGF-BB) reduces Parkinsonian symptoms and increases dopamine transporter (DAT) binding in several animal models of Parkinson's disease (PD). Effects of rhPDGF-BB are the result of proliferation of ventricular wall progenitor cells and reversed by blocking mitosis. Based on these restorative effects, we assessed the(More)
OBJECT The authors describe the first clinical trial with encapsulated cell biodelivery (ECB) implants that deliver nerve growth factor (NGF) to the cholinergic basal forebrain with the intention of halting the degeneration of cholinergic neurons and the associated cognitive decline in patients with Alzheimer disease (AD). The NsG0202 implant (NsGene A/S)(More)
Human fetal mesencephalic tissue was grafted to rats with unilateral lesions of the nigrostriatal pathway. The animals were immunosuppressed with cyclosporine A. Grafts were placed either into the lateral ventricle ipsilateral to the lesion or in the cingulate cortex above corpus callosum. The grafts and newly formed fibers were visualized by(More)