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The adult brain contains a small population of central nervous system (CNS) cells in the subependyma which, like embryonic CNS progenitor cells, express the intermediate filament nestin. In this report, the differentiation capacity in vivo of these cells was analysed following a standardized trauma. Before the trauma, the subependymal cells expressed nestin(More)
Human fetal mesencephalic tissue was grafted to rats with unilateral lesions of the nigrostriatal pathway. The animals were immunosuppressed with cyclosporine A. Grafts were placed either into the lateral ventricle ipsilateral to the lesion or in the cingulate cortex above corpus callosum. The grafts and newly formed fibers were visualized by(More)
OBJECT The authors describe the first clinical trial with encapsulated cell biodelivery (ECB) implants that deliver nerve growth factor (NGF) to the cholinergic basal forebrain with the intention of halting the degeneration of cholinergic neurons and the associated cognitive decline in patients with Alzheimer disease (AD). The NsG0202 implant (NsGene A/S)(More)
Human fetal mesencephalic tissue obtained from elective first-trimester abortions was grafted to 6-hydroxydopamine-denervated striatum of athymic (nude) rats. After 3-6 months, the transplants were evaluated by light and electron microscopy using antibodies against tryosine hydroxylase (TH), human specific Thy-1 (Thy-1), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), and(More)
One of the drawbacks with fetal ventral mesencephalic (VM) grafts in Parkinson's disease is the limited outgrowth into the host striatum. In order to enhance graft outgrowth, epidermal growth factor (EGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) were administered by implantation of bioactive rods to the lateral part of the striatum to support grafted fetal(More)
In human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells, carbachol stimulates inositol phospholipid breakdown with an EC(50) value of 18 ?M. The response is prevented by pirenzepine, with a Hill coefficient of 0.57 and an IC(50) value of 0.15 ?M. A Gpp[NH]p-stimulated [(3)H]phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate hydrolysing activity was demonstrated in SH-SY5Y membrane(More)
Clinical and experimental grafting in Parkinson's disease has shown the need for enhanced survival of dopamine neurons to obtain improved functional recovery. In addition, it has been suggested that a limited number of surviving dopamine neurons project to the dopamine-denervated host striatum. The aim of this study was to investigate if subpopulations of(More)
The aim of the present study was to characterize the morphological and neurochemical differentiation of mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons in human embryos, derived from elective first trimester abortions. Embryonic brain tissue was taken for analysis of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) by immunohistochemistry and Western blot, and for analysis of endogenous(More)
Nestin is an intermediate filament protein (IFP) expressed in undifferentiated cells during CNS development and in CNS tumors. Previous studies have arrived at different conclusions in terms of which types of CNS tumors express nestin. In this report we establish an immunohistochemical protocol using antigen retrieval, which significantly enhances staining(More)