Per A. R. Ekström

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Zones containing actively dividing cells (proliferation zones: PZs), in the brain of adult three-spined sticklebacks, were identified by autoradiographic detection of (3)H-thymidine and immunocytochemical detection of the thymidine analogue 5'-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), singly or in combination, and by immunocytochemical detection of proliferating cell(More)
In teleostean bony fishes, studies on the adults of various species have shown that pineal photoreceptors are maximally sensitive to short- and middle-wavelength light, possibly utilising both rod-like and pineal-specific opsins. Until recently, however, very little was known about the pineal opsins present in embryonic and larval teleosts and their(More)
The localization of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)- and L-glutamate 1 carboxy-lyase (GAD)-immunoreactive neurons was compared in the skate, frog, pigeon, chicken, rabbit, and man. Horizontal cells show both GABA and GAD immunoreactivity in the skate, frog, and bird. Certain amacrine cells show GABA and GAD immunoreactivity in all species. The distribution(More)
The neuroanatomical organization of neurons projecting to the pituitary and the origin of pituitary dopamine and nonapeptides were investigated in the brain of the Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Carbocyanine tract tracing in combination with tyrosine hydroxylase, arginine vasotocin and isotocin immunocytochemistry for double labelling revealed a previously(More)
An important goal in neuroanatomical research is to identify the neurotransmitters in specific neural pathways. One step towards this goal is to combine experimental neuronal tracing with immunocytochemistry. Unfortunately, optimal procedures for nerve tracing and immunocytochemistry are not always compatible. Carbocyanine compounds have recently been shown(More)
Carbon monoxide (CO) has been suggested as a novel messenger molecule in the brain. We now report on the cellular localization and hormone secretory function of a CO-producing constitutive heme oxygenase (HO-2) in mouse islets. Islet homogenates produced large amounts of CO which were suppressed dose-dependently by the HO inhibitor zincprotoporphyrin-IX(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the presence of oxidative DNA damage in the photoreceptors of the rd1 mouse, an animal model for retinitis pigmentosa, and to determine if antioxidants could delay the progress of photoreceptor cell death. Retinas of rd1 mice and congenic wild type controls were examined for DNA oxidation and fragmentation. To(More)
The epigenetic regulator Bmi1 controls proliferation in many organs. Reexpression of cell cycle proteins such as cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) is a hallmark of neuronal apoptosis in neurodegenerative diseases. Here we address the potential role of Bmi1 as a key regulator of cell cycle proteins during neuronal apoptosis. We show that several cell cycle(More)
PD98059 blocks mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) by inhibiting its activator, MAP kinase kinase (MEK). We have previously found that PD98059 only transiently inhibits spontaneous axonal outgrowth from adult mouse dorsal root ganglia (DRG) explants, whereas it causes sustained inhibition of nerve growth factor (NGF)-stimulated growth. Surprisingly, the(More)
Müller radial glia accumulate glial fibrillary acid protein (GFAP) in response to retinal injuries. We have studied the changes in cellular localization of GFAP in genetically caused retinal dystrophy in strains of cat and mouse: Abyssinian cats with progressive retinal dystrophy, and mice homo- and heterozygous for the retinal degeneration (rd) and retinal(More)