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The age-specific prevalence of CF antibodies against 16 viral antigens was determined by using the computerized data registry of the routine diagnostic laboratory of the authors' department. The material consisted of data based on serum specimens from about 58,500 patients. All ages from newborn infants to 90-year-olds were represented. The sera had been(More)
UNLABELLED We found 175 cases with acute encephalitis in a population of 791,712 children aged 1 month-15 years during a 2-year surveillance period in 1993-1994. The overall incidence was 10.5/100,000 child-years with the highest figure in children < 1 year of age, 18.4/100,000 child-years. The microbial diagnosis was considered proven or suggested in 110(More)
BACKGROUND In a previous multicenter study on central nervous system (CNS) viral infections varicella zoster virus (VZV) appeared the most frequent etiologic agent and appeared often without rash. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the appearance and diagnostics of VZV in CNS more thoroughly, we studied the cases systematically by using sensitive and specific methods(More)
Effects of time, temperature, pH and stabilizers (i.e. medium) on inactivation of lipid-enveloped model viruses, Semliki Forest and vesicular stomatitis viruses in the production process of intravenous immunoglobulin were investigated on a laboratory scale. The lowering of pH, the raising of temperature and the increasing of incubation time improved the(More)
We studied 3231 patients with acute central nervous system (CNS) symptoms of suspected viral origin to elucidate the current etiologic spectrum. In 46% of the cases, a viral finding was observed. Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) was the main agent associated with encephalitis, as well as meningitis and myelitis. VZV comprised 29% of all confirmed or probable(More)
Mouse macrophage Fc receptors specific for IgG1/IgG2b mediate the binding and pinocytic uptake of soluble IgG-containing antibody-antigen complexes. Internalization of these multivalent IgG complexes is accompanied not only by the intracellular degradation of the ligand, but also by a net decrease in the number of plasma membrane Fc receptors and an(More)
Binding and pinocytosis of polyvalent IgG-containing immune complexes by mouse macrophages leads to the selective removal of Fc receptors (FcR) from the cell surface and to the rapid delivery of receptor and ligand to lysosomes, where both are degraded (I. Mellman and H. Plutner, 1984, Journal of Cell Biology, 98:1170-1177). In this paper, we have studied(More)
BACKGROUND Antiadhesive compounds are promising candidates for prevention or treatment of infections. We have investigated the efficacy of such an agent, 3'-sialyllacto-N-neotetraose (NE-1530), given intranasally for prophylaxis of acute otitis media and for effect on nasopharyngeal carriage of bacteria. METHODS We did a randomised, double-blind(More)
We describe a series of six patients with symptomatic respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infections while receiving anticancer chemotherapy. Particularly during epidemics in the general population, RSV remains a potential cause for morbidity and even mortality among children immunocompromised through the administration of anticancer chemotherapy and(More)
OBJECTIVE Quinolones are used ever increasingly in pediatrics, although officially they are still contraindicated. Lack of evidence of arthropathic effects in human offspring favors their use, but little is known about the pharmacokinetics of oral or parenteral ciprofloxacin in children, especially those without cystic fibrosis. DESIGN We studied 16(More)