Pentti Ukkonen

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We studied 3231 patients with acute central nervous system (CNS) symptoms of suspected viral origin to elucidate the current etiologic spectrum. In 46% of the cases, a viral finding was observed. Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) was the main agent associated with encephalitis, as well as meningitis and myelitis. VZV comprised 29% of all confirmed or probable(More)
Binding and pinocytosis of polyvalent IgG-containing immune complexes by mouse macrophages leads to the selective removal of Fc receptors (FcR) from the cell surface and to the rapid delivery of receptor and ligand to lysosomes, where both are degraded (I. Mellman and H. Plutner, 1984, Journal of Cell Biology, 98:1170-1177). In this paper, we have studied(More)
BACKGROUND In a previous multicenter study on central nervous system (CNS) viral infections varicella zoster virus (VZV) appeared the most frequent etiologic agent and appeared often without rash. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the appearance and diagnostics of VZV in CNS more thoroughly, we studied the cases systematically by using sensitive and specific methods(More)
We found 175 cases with acute encephalitis in a population of 791,712 children aged 1 month – 15 years during a 2-year surveillance period in 1993–1994. The overall incidence was 10.5/100,000 child-years with the highest figure in children < 1 year of age, 18.4/100 000 child-years. The microbial diagnosis was considered proven or suggested in 110 cases(More)
BACKGROUND Antiadhesive compounds are promising candidates for prevention or treatment of infections. We have investigated the efficacy of such an agent, 3'-sialyllacto-N-neotetraose (NE-1530), given intranasally for prophylaxis of acute otitis media and for effect on nasopharyngeal carriage of bacteria. METHODS We did a randomised, double-blind(More)
The age-specific prevalence of CF antibodies against 16 viral antigens was determined by using the computerized data registry of the routine diagnostic laboratory of the authors' department. The material consisted of data based on serum specimens from about 58,500 patients. All ages from newborn infants to 90-year-olds were represented. The sera had been(More)
Mouse macrophage Fc receptors specific for IgG1/IgG2b mediate the binding and pinocytic uptake of soluble IgG-containing antibody-antigen complexes. Internalization of these multivalent IgG complexes is accompanied not only by the intracellular degradation of the ligand, but also by a net decrease in the number of plasma membrane Fc receptors and an(More)
Immunoglobulin G (IgG) and M (IgM) antibodies against mumps virus were measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) specimens of patients with mumps meningitis. The CSF IgG antibodies correlated well with the respective antibody titers in serum. On the contrary, in only about half of the patients a(More)
The occurrence of rubella antibodies and frequency of virologically proven rubella infections in different age groups were analyzed in a large serum material (about 60,000 sera) collected both before and after the start of nationwide vaccination of children against measles, mumps and rubella in Finland in 1982. The combined live vaccine significantly raised(More)
A new enzyme-immunoassay (EIA, Hepanostika Microelisa System) for the detection of hepatitis B surface antigen was evaluated against other methods, namely complement fixation, Hepanosticon, AusRIA II and Finnish Red Cross Radioimmunoassay (FRC-RIA). EIA detected the greatest number of positive samples in a serum panel consisting of 142 sera from clinical(More)