Pentti Tuohimaa

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Objectives:The aim was to evaluate the association between serum vitamin D (25-hydroxyvitamin D) level and risk of prostate cancer. Methods:The nested case–control study was based on a 13-year follow-up of about 19,000 middle-aged men who attended the first screening visit within the Helsinki Heart Study and were free of clinically verified prostate cancer(More)
Grooming is an important part of rodent behavioural repertoire, representing a complex hierarchically ordered cephalo-caudal sequence of patterns sensitive to stress and various drugs. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is involved in the regulation of both anxiety and grooming behaviours. This study investigated the predictive validity of grooming behavioural(More)
Stress has long been known to affect grooming in rodent species, altering both its activity measures and behavioural microstructure. Since stress disturbs a general pattern of self-grooming uninterrupted cephalocaudal progression, the grooming analysis algorithm (Kalueff and Tuohimaa, Brain Res. Protocols, 2004; 15: 151-8) was previously designed for mice(More)
Since rodent self-grooming behaviours are elicited by both comfort and stressful conditions, traditional measures such as duration, latency of onset and the number of bouts may be not suitable to dissociate between these opposite conditions. The aim of the current study was to improve and optimize ethological measurement of self-grooming in neurobehavioural(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Vitamin D is a seco-steroid hormone with multiple functions in the nervous system. We discuss clinical and experimental evidence of the role of vitamin D in normal and pathological brain functions, and analyze the relative importance of vitamin D-modulated brain mechanisms at different stages of life. We also outline perspectives for the(More)
Vitamin D is a neuroactive secosteroid with several important functions in the nervous system. Many human and animal findings link alterations in the vitamin D system to various neurological and behavioral disorders. Since grooming is an important element of animal behavior, here we studied whether genetic ablation of vitamin D receptors (VDR) in mice may(More)
Grooming is a commonplace, robust behavior in rodent species. It has been shown to be highly sensitive to a number of experimental factors, making it an ideal target for manipulation. The complex patterning of grooming in rodents, which usually proceeds in a cephalo-caudal direction and involves several distinct stages, can be dissected into its constituent(More)
Vitamin D inhibits the development and growth of prostate cancer cells. Epidemiologic results on serum vitamin D levels and prostate cancer risk have, however, been inconsistent. We conducted a longitudinal nested case-control study on Nordic men (Norway, Finland and Sweden) using serum banks of 200,000 samples. We studied serum 25(OH)-vitamin D levels of(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of vitamin D in regulating bone mineralization are well documented. The action of vitamin D as a key link between Toll-like receptor activation and antibacterial responses in innate immunity has recently been shown. The data suggest that differences in the ability of human populations to produce vitamin D may contribute to(More)
A rabbit was immunized with the highly purified B-subunit (110kDa) (20 to 50 micrograms per injection) of the chick oviduct progesterone receptor (PR). Specific antibodies (IgG-RB) were observed 2 weeks after the first booster injection and high antibody titers in the serum were found after the second and third booster injections (with Kdeq of interaction(More)