Pentti Somerharju

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Progressive epilepsy with mental retardation, EPMR, belongs to a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders, the neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses. The CLN8 gene that underlies EPMR encodes a novel transmembrane protein that localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and ER-Golgi intermediate compartment. Recently, CLN8 was linked to a large eukaryotic(More)
Phospholipids (PL) in cerebral cortex from patients with infantile (INCL or CLN1) and juvenile (JNCL or CLN3) forms of neuronal ceroid-lipofuscinosis (NCL) and controls were analysed by normal phase HPLC and on-line electrospray ionization ion-trap mass spectrometric detection (LC-ESI-MS). The method provided quantitative data on numerous molecular species(More)
Ceramides are central intermediates of sphingolipid metabolism with critical functions in cell organization and survival. They are synthesized on the cytosolic surface of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and transported by ceramide transfer protein to the Golgi for conversion to sphingomyelin (SM) by SM synthase SMS1. In this study, we report the(More)
Macrophages and dendritic cells continuously survey their environment in search of foreign particles and soluble antigens. Such surveillance involves the ongoing extension of actin-rich protrusions and the consequent formation of phagosomes and macropinosomes. The signals inducing this constitutive cytoskeletal remodeling have not been defined. We report(More)
Acyl chain remodeling in lipids is a critical biochemical process that plays a central role in disease. However, remodeling remains poorly understood, despite massive increases in lipidomic data. In this work, we determine the dynamic network of ethanolamine glycerophospholipid (PE) remodeling, using data from pulse-chase experiments and a novel(More)
Crucian carp (Carassius carassius) is an excellent vertebrate model for studies on temperature adaptation in biological excitable membranes, since the species can tolerate temperatures from 0 to +36 degrees C. To determine how temperature affects the lipid composition of brain, the fish were acclimated for 4 wk at +30, +16, or +4 degrees C in the(More)
Lipid signaling, particularly phosphoinositide signaling, plays a key role in regulating the extreme polarized membrane growth that drives root hair development in plants. The Arabidopsis AtSFH1 gene encodes a two-domain protein with an amino-terminal Sec14-like phosphatidylinositol transfer protein (PITP) domain linked to a carboxy-terminal nodulin domain.(More)
The central nervous system (CNS) harbors multiple glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) expressing cell types. In addition to the most abundant cell type of the CNS, the astrocytes, various stem cells and progenitor cells also contain GFAP+ populations. Here, in order to distinguish between two types of GFAP expressing cells with or without the expression(More)
Estrogen fatty acid esters constitute a unique family of extremely hydrophobic hormonal derivatives which are exclusively transported in lipoprotein particles in plasma. In estradiol, the fatty acyl residues are conjugated at the 17beta-hydroxyl of the steroid D-ring, leaving the phenolic 3-hydroxyl group unsubstituted and, therefore, preserving(More)
Maintenance of the mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes plays crucial role for the aerobic metabolism of the eukaryotes such as unicellular yeasts, for example, Saccharomyces cerevisiae as well as of human being. Mitochondrial respiratory function has been studied using the yeast S. cerevisiae as a model organism. Since yeast cells are also able to(More)
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