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OBJECTIVE A selective rise in hypothalamic lipid metabolism and the subsequent activation of SUR1/Kir6.2 ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channels inhibit hepatic glucose production. The mechanisms that link the ability of hypothalamic lipid metabolism to the activation of K(ATP) channels remain unknown. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS To examine whether(More)
Cells can die by two distinct pathways: apoptosis and necrosis. To explore whether intense noise can induce hair cell (HC) death via the apoptotic pathway, we systematically examined morphological changes in guinea pig cochlear HC nuclei stained with Hoechst 33342, a fluorescent dye specifically labelling the nuclear DNA. A narrow band noise centred at 4(More)
OBJECTIVE Circulating glucose inhibits glucose production in normal rodents and humans, but this glucose effectiveness is disrupted in diabetes due partly to sustained hyperglycemia. We hypothesize that hyperglycemia in diabetes impairs hypothalamic glucose sensing to lower glucose production, and changes of glucose transporter-1 (GLUT1) in the hypothalamic(More)
A quantitative assessment of the innervation of the different portions of the cortical tubular nephron in the rat was made using tritiated norepinephrine uptake to label monoaminergic nerves, followed by autoradiography. The proximal tubules (PT) showed the greatest number of innervated profiles (IPs) [i.e., tubular profiles overlapped by accumulations of(More)
A study of the monoaminergic innervation of the cortical distal nephron beyond the thick ascending limb of Henle (TALH) was carried out by surveying nine autoradiograms, from three rats injected with exogenous tritiated norepinephrine, for overlapping of the tubule by accumulations of autoradiographic grains (AAGs). The largest number of the AAGs appeared(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate if glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) combined with neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) provides synergetic protection in filamentous actin (F-actin) on hair cell (HC) from acoustic trauma. METHODS Guinea pigs were exposed to 4 kHz narrow band noise at 115 dB SPL for 4 h. Test group (n = 12) with a mixture of GDNF (100 ng/ml)(More)
In this investigation we have combined the methods of ultrastructural demonstration of acetylcholinesterase activity with electron microscopic autoradiography for the demonstration of norepinephrine uptake. The results show electron-dense deposits indicative of acetylcholinesterase activity associated with perivascular axons overlaid by concentrations of(More)
The effects of impulse noise (firecrackers at 170 dB SPL, 1, 10, 20 rounds) on auditory cortical response threshold (CRT) and activity of succinic dehydrogenase (SDH) and acetylcholinesterase (AchE) in the inner ear were studied in 37 guinea pigs. The results showed that extent of damage in the cochlea was related to amount of exposure to the noise.(More)
The innervation of the glomerular arterioles was investigated by light and electron microscopy autoradiography for localization of exogenous tritiated norepinephrine. By light microscopy accumulations of grains were seen associated with afferent arterioles and in lesser numbers with efferent arterioles and neighboring tubules. Accumulations of grains were(More)
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