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This study has examined the expression of two new facets of the growth hormone axis, the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R) and its recently identified putative natural ligand ghrelin, in prostate cancer cells. GHS-R 1a and 1b isoforms and ghrelin mRNA expression were detected by RT-PCR in the ALVA-41, LNCaP, DU145 and PC3 prostate cancer cell(More)
We recently characterized Winnie mice carrying a missense mutation in Muc2, leading to severe endoplasmic reticulum stress in intestinal goblet cells and spontaneous colitis. In this study, we characterized the immune responses due to this intestinal epithelial dysfunction. In Winnie, there was a fourfold increase in activated dendritic cells (DCs; CD11c(+)(More)
While oestrogen, progesterone and growth factors, including growth hormone (GH), are clearly implicated in the pathogenesis of breast cancer, there is now evidence that the newly described ghrelin axis is also involved. The aims of this study were to investigate the expression of the ghrelin axis in breast cancer tissues and cell lines and to examine the(More)
Ghrelin, an n-octanoylated 28-amino-acid peptide capable of inducing GH secretion and food intake in humans and rats, is the endogenous ligand for the GH secretagogue receptor (GHS-R). Here we describe the expression and tissue distribution of the ghrelin/GHS-R axis in the mouse. We also report for the first time the identification of a novel mouse ghrelin(More)
Ghrelin is a recently identified 28 amino acid peptide capable of stimulating pituitary growth hormone release in humans. The actions of ghrelin are mediated via the naturally occurring ghrelin receptor, also known as the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R). Ghrelin and its receptors are now being recognized as components of the growth hormone axis(More)
Ghrelin, the endogenous ligand of the GH secretagogue receptor (GHS-R), is a newly identified, ubiquitously expressed molecule that has been involved in a wide array of endocrine and nonendocrine functions, including cell proliferation. In this context, our group recently reported the expression of ghrelin and its functional receptor, the GHS-R type 1a, in(More)
Ghrelin is predominantly produced by the gastric enteroendocrine cell compartment and is octanoylated by the recently discovered ghrelin o-acyltransferase (GOAT) before secretion into the bloodstream. This octanoylation is essential for many of the biological properties of ghrelin including appetite stimulation and anti-inflammatory properties as only the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Protein misfolding and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress have been observed in intestinal secretory cells from patients with inflammatory bowel diseases and induce intestinal inflammation in mice. However, it is not clear how immune factors affect ER stress and therefore disease symptoms. METHODS We analyzed the effects of interleukin(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The MUC13 transmembrane mucin is highly and constitutively expressed in the small and large intestine. Although MUC13 polymorphisms have been associated with human inflammatory bowel diseases and susceptibility to Escherichia coli infection in pigs, the biological functions of MUC13 are unknown. This study aimed to explore whether MUC13(More)
Analysis of archival samples from cohorts of pregnant women may be key to discovering prognosticators of stillbirth and pregnancy/perinatal complications. Growth hormone (GH) and its receptor (GHR) are pivotal in feto-placental development and pregnancy maintenance. We report a rapid, optimized method for genotyping the GHR full-length versus exon 3-deleted(More)