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The specification of the vertebrate body plan is dependent on numerous signaling molecules, including members of the Wnt family. We have identified two zebrafish wnt8 paralogs related to Xwnt-8B and Xwnt-8, respectively. A RT-PCR assay demonstrated that wnt8 is expressed maternally, with transcripts detected throughout embryogenesis, whereas wnt8b(More)
BACKGROUND The hedgehog (hh) family of secreted signaling proteins is responsible for developmental patterning in a variety of systems, including the neural tube, limbs and somites. Within the neural tube, at the level of the spinal cord, products of the vertebrate gene sonic hedgehog (shh) are proposed to function as a ventral patterning influence, with(More)
Huntington's disease like-2 (HDL-2) neurodegeneration is a recently described autosomal dominant disorder with features similar to Huntington's disease (HD). Only one case report has described neuropathology from an affected patient. We describe the clinical presentation and illustrate the pathology in two additional molecularly confirmed patients, compare(More)
Huntington's Disease-like 2 (HDL2) is a progressive, autosomal dominant, neurodegenerative disorder with marked clinical and pathological similarities to Huntington's disease (HD). The causal mutation is a CTG/CAG expansion mutation on chromosome 16q24.3, in a variably spliced exon of junctophilin-3. The frequency of HDL2 was determined in nine independent(More)
We describe the appearance of left hemineglect and striking cataleptic posturing, more prominent in left-sided extremities, in a patient without psychiatric illness. Neuroimaging demonstrated a large posterior right hemisphere infarct involving the parietal, occipital, and temporal lobes, the insula, and caudate. Additional movement abnormalities that(More)
OBJECTIVE To elucidate the molecular basis of a mitochondrial myopathy associated with recurrent myoglobinuria and cytochrome c oxidase (COX) deficiency in muscle. BACKGROUND Recurrent myoglobinuria is typically seen in patients with inborn errors of carbohydrate or lipid metabolism, the main sources of energy for muscle contraction. Relatively little(More)
We present the pathology and molecular genetic analysis of an infant with congenital myotonic dystrophy. The proband/infant, born at 35 weeks' gestational age to a mother with myotonic dystrophy and 750 CTG repeats, was markedly hypotonic and had severe cardiomyopathy. She died after 16 days of life. At autopsy, skeletal and heart muscles were immature and(More)
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