Penney L. Miller

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This study reports on the photocatalytic transformation of fluoroquinolone antibacterial agents (ciprofloxacin, enrofloxacin, norfloxacin, and flumequine) in aqueous titanium dioxide (TiO2) suspensions irradiated with ultraviolet (UV; lambda > 324 nm) or visible light (lambda > 400, > 420, or > 450 nm). Visible-light-mediated fluoroquinolone degradation is(More)
The widespread detection of pharmaceutically active compounds, including many synthetic antimicrobial agents, in aquatic environments is raising public health concerns. As a result, there is growing interest in the development of innovative technologies to efficiently transform these compounds to non-toxic and pharmaceutically inactive byproducts. This work(More)
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) chemical composition varies depending upon the source of its precursor materials. Results show that the indirect photodegradation rate coefficients for the compounds sulfadimethoxine (SDM) and triclocarban (TCC) differ depending on the source of fulvic acids used as DOM surrogates. For sulfadimethoxine, little to no enhanced(More)
A major impediment to understanding the biology of microorganisms inhabiting Antarctic environments is the logistical constraint of conducting field work primarily during the summer season. However, organisms that persist throughout the year encounter severe environmental changes between seasons. In an attempt to bridge this gap, we collected ice core(More)
Sperm competition can be a powerful selective force in the evolution of mating systems. Several odonate species have attracted study to assess the extent and mechanism of last-male sperm precedence. Members of the genus Ischnura (Zygoptera) display a particularly interesting range of mating systems, and Ischnura elegans was selected for study. Polymorphic(More)
The direct and indirect photolysis of bisphenol A (BPA) was investigated using a solar simulator in the absence and presence of dissolved organic matter (DOM). BPA degradation by direct photolysis was significantly slower than its rate in the presence of DOM. In natural waters, the direct photolytic pathway would be even less important due to light(More)
The photoinduced degradation of carbaryl (1-naphthyl-N-methyl carbamate) was studied in a wetland's surface water to examine the photochemical processes influencing its transformation. For this particular wetland water, at high pH, it was difficult to delineate the photolytic contribution to the overall degradation of carbaryl. At lower pH values, the(More)
Wetland surface waters that received drainage from agricultural fields were probed for constituents that would promote the photodegradation of agriculture herbicides. Alachlor proved to be a good chemical probe for examining indirect photolysis due to its lack of reactivity by either direct photolysis or dark reaction pathways and its ubiquity as an(More)
A multifactorial experimental design was employed to quantify and rank the effects of a series of ligands on the rate of Fe(II) (18 microM) oxidation in a system containing chloride, sulfate, carbonate/bicarbonate, fluoride, and natural organic matter (NOM) at pH 8.34 +/- 0.13. Several factors and combinations thereof correlated with the rate of Fe(II)(More)
We previously showed that T-lymphocytes produce catalytic amounts of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in a membrane-associated process when irradiated with narrowband ultraviolet B (UVB) light. This form of phototherapy is thought to be highly effective for treatment of inflammatory skin diseases such as psoriasis, but also includes the potential for severe burning(More)
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