Learn More
Vascular hyporeactivity is one of the major causes responsible for refractory hypotension and associated mortality in severe hemorrhagic shock. Mitochondrial permeability transition (mPT) pore opening in arteriolar smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) is involved in the pathogenesis of vascular hyporeactivity. However, the molecular mechanism underlying(More)
FK506-binding protein 52 (FKBP52), which binds FK506 and possesses peptidylprolyl isomerase activity, is an important immunophilin involved in the heterocomplex of steroid receptors with heat-shock protein 90. Here we report the crystal structures of two overlapped fragments [N(1-260) and C(145-459)] of FKBP52 and the complex with a C-terminal pentapeptide(More)
Sodium tanshinone II-A sulfonate (DS-201) is a water-soluble derivative of tanshinone IIA, a main active constituent of Salvia miltiorrhiza which has been used for treatments of cardio- and cerebro-vascular diseases. DS-201 activates large conductance Ca(2+)-sensitive K(+) channels (BK(Ca)) in arterial smooth muscle cells, and reduces the vascular tone.(More)
Structure-function studies have analyzed substitutions within the glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) sequence that increase resistance to proteolysis, however, the investigation into how such substitutions alter interactions at the GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) has captured less attention. This work describes our efforts at identifying relevant interactions between(More)
Based on the structure of FKBP12 complexed with FK506 or rapamycin, with computer-aided design, two neurotrophic ligands, (3R)-4-(p-Toluenesulfonyl)-1,4-thiazane-3-carboxylic acid-L-Leucine ethyl ester and (3R)-4-(p-Toluenesulfonyl)-1,4-thiazane-3-carboxylic acid-L-phenylalanine benzyl ester, were designed and synthesized. Fluorescence experiments were used(More)
Glucagon and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1)are two structurally related hormones that acutely regulate glucose control in opposite directions through homologous receptors. The molecular basis for selectivity between these two hormones and their receptors is of physiological and medicinal importance. The application of co-agonists to enhance body weight(More)
Glucagon and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) are drugs or drug candidates for the treatment of metabolic diseases such as diabetes and obesity. The native hormones have pharmacological deficiencies such as short half-life and poor solubility. A novel glucagon receptor agonist named glucagon-Cex has been designed, synthesized and crystallized. This peptide(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to determine whether hepatocyte mitochondrial injury instigates severe shock and to explore effective therapy. METHODS Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups: Control (sham) group, shock + normal saline, shock + cyclosporine A, shock + resveratrol (Res) and shock + polydatin (PD) group. Mitochondrial(More)
Insulin degrading enzyme (IDE), a zinc metalloprotease, can specifically recognize and degrade insulin, as well as several amyloidogenic peptides such as amyloid beta (Abeta) and amylin. The disruption of IDE function in rodents leads to glucose intolerance and cerebral Abeta accumulation, hallmarks of type 2 diabetes and Alzheimer's disease, respectively.(More)
FKBP52 is a member of the FK506-binding protein family (FKBPs). The N-terminal domain of FKBP52 (FKBP52-N; residues 1-140) is responsible for peptidyl-prolyl isomerase activity and binding of FK506. Here, the crystal structure of FKBP52-N has been determined by molecular replacement to 2.4 A. FKBP52-N is defined by a six-stranded antiparallel beta-sheet(More)