Pengyue Song

Learn More
BACKGROUND Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) hold great promise for the treatment of difficult diseases. As MSCs represent a rare cell population, ex vivo expansion of MSCs is indispensable to obtain sufficient amounts of cells for therapies and tissue engineering. However, spontaneous differentiation and aging of MSCs occur during expansion and the molecular(More)
We investigated whether antigen challenge may alter M2 and beta2 receptor function in isolated passively sensitized human bronchi. Bronchial rings (2-4 mm internal diameter) were obtained from 12 patients. Passive sensitization was induced by serum containing high IgE levels to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and Dermatophagoides farinae. Rings from six(More)
Cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR), a universal calcium releaser, is generated from NAD(+) by an ADP-ribosyl cyclase and is degraded to ADP-ribose by a cADPR hydrolase. In mammals, both activities are expressed as ectoenzymes by the transmembrane glycoprotein CD38. CD38 was identified in both epithelial cells and smooth myocytes isolated from bovine trachea. Intact(More)
Antigen challenge causes beta2-adrenoceptor dysfunction in sensitized human bronchi (Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 1997;155:1230-1234). This study investigated whether the dysfunction can be prevented by anti-inflammatory agents. Human bronchial rings (2 to 4 mm) from surgery were passively sensitized to house dust mite and challenged (1) with allergen(More)
Xenotransplantation of human cells into immunodeficiency mice has been frequently used to study stem cells in tissue repair and regeneration and cancer cell metastasis. However, a sensitive and reproducible method to quantify cell engraftment lacks. Here, we developed a Real-Time PCR-based method which facilitated consistent detection and quantification of(More)
We studied the intracellular mechanisms of allergen-induced beta(2)-adrenoceptor dysfunction in human isolated passively sensitized bronchi. Sensitization was obtained by overnight incubation of bronchial rings with serum containing a high specific IgE level to Dermatophagoides but a low total IgE level. Allergen challenge was done by incubation with a(More)
BACKGROUND Stimulation of opioid receptors in the airways can modulate cholinergic neurotransmission and thereby reduce bronchoconstriction. This protecting effect of opioids against bronchoconstriction may be of clinical interest. Inhalation of opioids as a method of analgesia is likely to result in an opioid concentration at airway receptors sufficient to(More)
Potassium channel openers hyperpolarize the smooth muscle cell membrane and relax airway smooth muscle. In this study, pre- and postjunctional effects of pinacidil ((+/-) N-cyano-N'-(4-pyridil)-N"-(1,2,2-trimethylpropyl)-guanidine monohydrated), an adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive K(+)-channel opener, were determined in isolated bovine trachealis. The(More)
BACKGROUND Opioid agonists attenuate in isolated airways contractile responses to electrical field stimulation (EFS), and this attenuation is mediated by opioid receptors. Differences exist in the density of muscarinic and beta-adrenergic receptors between large and small airways. The authors hypothesized that the density of opioid receptors may also be(More)
BACKGROUND Muscle relaxants affect nicotinic and muscarinic receptors. Interaction of muscle relaxants with muscarinic receptors of human airways has been studied incompletely. METHODS The effects of pipecuronium bromide (long-acting, nondepolarizing) and rocuronium bromide (intermediate-acting, nondepolarizing) on prejunctional and postjunctional(More)
  • 1