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The vascular effects of an aqueous extract prepared from the leaves of Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. (ELE), a medicinal herb commonly used in antihypertensive herbal prescriptions in China, were investigated in rat mesenteric resistance arteries. The mesenteric vascular bed was perfused with Krebs solution and the perfusion pressure was measured with a pressure(More)
To investigate protective effects of alisol B 23-acetate (AB23A) against hepatotoxity and cholestasis induced by 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE) in association with farnesoid X receptor (FXR) activation in vivo and in vitro. The cholestatic liver injury model was established by subcutaneous injections of EE in C57BL/6 mice. Serum biomarkers, bile flow assay and(More)
Liver resection has become a common treatment for liver tumors and hepatocellular carcinoma over the past decades. However, after surgery, the remnant livers in some patients fail to regenerate. Therefore, there is an urgent medical need to develop drugs that can promote liver regeneration. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the promotive(More)
To conduct in vivo and in vitro experiments to investigate puerarin (PUR), an isoflavone C-glyoside, and elucidate its ability to alter methotrexate (MTX) transport and pharmacokinetics. In vivo absorption studies, in vitro everted intestinal sac preparation, kidney slices in rats and bi-directional transport assay with mock-/MDCK-MDR1 cells, uptake studies(More)
BACKGROUND Eprosartan is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist, used in the treatment of hypertension and heart failure in clinical patients. The objective of this study was to clarify the mechanism underlying hepatic uptake and biliary excretion of eprosartan in rats and humans. METHODS Perfused rat liver in situ, rat liver slices, isolated rat(More)
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is one of the major obstacles to the efficiency of cancer chemotherapy, which often results from the overexpression of drug efflux transporters such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp). In the present study, we determined the effect of dasatinib which was approved for imatinib resistant chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and (Ph(+)) acute(More)
AIMS We aimed to elucidate whether entecavir was taken-up into liver by transporters and clarify the possible molecular mechanisms of changes in the distribution of entecavir in rat liver fibrosis. METHODS Thioacetamide (TAA) was applied to induce rat liver fibrosis. Samples of liver uptake index (LUI) study and uptake of entecavir in isolated rat(More)
Investigating the hepatoprotective effect of calycosin against acute liver injury in association with FXR activation and STAT3 phosphorylation. The acute liver injury model was established by intraperitoneal injection of CCl4 in C57BL/6 mice. Serum alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, HE staining and TUNEL assay were used to identify the(More)
The rat mesenteric artery has been shown to be innervated by adrenergic vasoconstrictor nerves and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-containing (CGRPergic) vasodilator nerves. The present study was designed to investigate the involvement of histamine H(3) receptors in the neurotransmission of perivascular adrenergic and CGRPergic nerves. The mesenteric(More)
Vascular blood vessels have various types of cholinergic acetylcholine receptors (AChR), but the source of ACh has not been confirmed. Perivascular adrenergic nerves and nonadrenergic calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-containing (CGRPergic) nerves innervate rat mesenteric arteries and regulate vascular tone. However, function of cholinergic innervation(More)