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The composition and dynamics of membrane protein complexes were studied in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 by two-dimensional blue native/SDS-PAGE followed by matrix-assisted laser-desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry. Approximately 20 distinct membrane protein complexes could be resolved from photoautotrophically grown(More)
BACKGROUND Flavodiiron proteins (FDPs) comprise a group of modular enzymes that function in oxygen and nitric oxide detoxification in Bacteria and Archaea. The FDPs in cyanobacteria have an extra domain as compared to major prokaryotic enzymes. The physiological role of cyanobacteria FDPs is mostly unknown. Of the four putative flavodiiron proteins (Flv1-4)(More)
To investigate the (co)expression, interaction, and membrane location of multifunctional NAD(P)H dehydrogenase type 1 (NDH-1) complexes and their involvement in carbon acquisition, cyclic photosystem I, and respiration, we grew the wild type and specific ndh gene knockout mutants of Synechocystis sp PCC 6803 under different CO2 and pH conditions, followed(More)
Flavodiiron proteins (FDPs, also called flavoproteins, Flvs) are modular enzymes widely present in Bacteria and Archaea. The evolution of cyanobacteria and oxygenic photosynthesis occurred in concert with the modulation of typical bacterial FDPs. Present cyanobacterial FDPs are composed of three domains, the β-lactamase-like, flavodoxin-like and(More)
The supramolecular organization of photosystem II (PSII) complexes in the photosynthetic membrane of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis 6803 was studied by electron microscopy. After mild detergent solubilization, crystalline PSII arrays were extracted in which dimeric PSII particles associate in multiple rows. Image processing of the arrays shows that the(More)
NDH (NADH-quinone oxidoreductase)-1 complexes in cyanobacteria have specific functions in respiration and cyclic electron flow as well as in active CO2 uptake. In order to isolate NDH-1 complexes and to study complex-complex interactions, several strains of Thermosynechococcus elongatus were constructed by adding a His-tag (histidine tag) to different(More)
The subunit compositions of two types of NAD(P)H dehydrogenase complexes of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, NDH-1L and NDH-1M, were studied by two-dimensional blue-native/SDS-PAGE followed by electrospray tandem mass spectrometry. Fifteen proteins were observed in NDH-1L including hydrophilic subunits (NdhH, -K, -I, -J, -M, and -N) and hydrophobic subunits(More)
Flavodiiron (Flv) proteins are involved in detoxification of O(2) and NO in anaerobic bacteria and archaea. Cyanobacterial Flv proteins, on the contrary, function in oxygenic environment and possess an extra NAD(P)H:flavin oxidoreductase module. Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 has four genes (sll1521, sll0219, sll0550, and sll0217) encoding Flv proteins (Flv1,(More)
Synechocystis sp PCC 6803 has four genes encoding flavodiiron proteins (FDPs; Flv1 to Flv4). Here, we investigated the flv4-flv2 operon encoding the Flv4, Sll0218, and Flv2 proteins, which are strongly expressed under low inorganic carbon conditions (i.e., air level of CO(2)) but become repressed at elevated CO(2) conditions. Different from FDP homodimers(More)
Filamentous, heterocystous cyanobacteria are capable of nitrogen fixation and photoautotrophic growth. Nitrogen fixation takes place in heterocysts that differentiate as a result of nitrogen starvation. Heterocysts uphold a microoxic environment to avoid inactivation of nitrogenase, e.g. by downregulation of oxygenic photosynthesis. The ATP and reductant(More)