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Sparsity or parsimony of statistical models is crucial for their proper interpretations, as in sciences and social sciences. Model selection is a commonly used method to find such models, but usually involves a computationally heavy combinatorial search. Lasso (Tibshirani, 1996) is now being used as a computationally feasible alternative to model selection.(More)
Recently much attention has been devoted to model selection through regularization methods in regression and classification where features are selected by use of a penalty function (e.g. Lasso in Tibshirani, 1996). While the resulting sparsity leads to more interpretable models, one may want to further incorporate natural groupings or hierarchical(More)
Extracting useful information from high-dimensional data is an important focus of today's statistical research and practice. Penalized loss function minimization has been shown to be effective for this task both theoretically and empirically. With the virtues of both regularization and sparsity, the L1-penalized squared error minimization method Lasso has(More)
Developed for multimedia and game applications, as well as other numerically intensive workloads, the CELL processor provides support both for highly parallel codes, which have high computation and memory requirements, and for scalar codes, which require fast response time and a full-featured programming environment. This first generation CELL processor(More)
In MANETs, network may consist of devices with multiple characteristics in terms of transmission power, energy, capacity etc. Especially in MANETs, network may consist of devices with multiple, nodes are likely to transmit at different power levels, thereby causing conversation links varying. This causes link asymmetry problem. The link asymmetry problem(More)
Many patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) report pain that persists indefinitely and is resistant to available therapeutic approaches. We recently showed that microglia become activated after experimental SCI and dynamically maintain hyperresponsiveness of spinal cord nociceptive neurons and pain-related behaviors. Mechanisms of signaling(More)
We propose an automatic approach to generate street-side 3D photo-realistic models from images captured along the streets at ground level. We first develop a multi-view semantic segmentation method that recognizes and segments each image at pixel level into semantically meaningful areas, each labeled with a specific object class, such as building, sky,(More)
Many statistical machine learning algorithms minimize either an empirical loss function as in Ad-aBoost, or a penalized empirical loss as in Lasso or SVM. A single regularization tuning parameter controls the trade-off between fidelity to the data and generalizability, or equivalently between bias and variance. When this tuning parameter changes, a(More)
Given n observations of a p-dimensional random vector, the covariance matrix and its inverse (precision matrix) are needed in a wide range of applications. Sample covariance (e.g. its eigenstructure) can misbehave when p is comparable to the sample size n. Regularization is often used to mitigate the problem. In this paper, we proposed an 1 penalized(More)