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In nature, self-assembling and disassembling complexes of proteins and nucleic acids bound to a variety of ligands perform intricate and diverse dynamic functions. In contrast, attempts to rationally encode structure and function into synthetic amino acid and nucleic acid sequences have largely focused on engineering molecules that self-assemble into(More)
This paper proposes a selective data pruning-based compression scheme to improve the rate-distortion relation of compressed images and video sequences. The original frames are pruned to a smaller size before compression. After decoding, they are interpolated back to their original size by an edge-directed interpolation method. The data pruning phase is(More)
A new mutant strain of fungus Trichoderma viride T 100-14 was cultivated on 1% microcrystalline cellulose (Avicel) for 120h and the resulting culture filtrate was prepared for protein identification and purification. To identify the predominant catalytic components, cellulases were separated by an adapted two-dimensional electrophoresis technique. The(More)
Yin Yang 1 (YY1) is a transcription factor that plays an essential role in development. However, the full spectrum of YY1's functions and mechanism of action remains unclear. We find that YY1 ablation results in p53 accumulation due to a reduction of p53 ubiquitination in vivo. Conversely, YY1 overexpression stimulates p53 ubiquitination and degradation.(More)
Programmed self-assembly of strands of nucleic acid has proved highly effective for creating a wide range of structures with desired shapes. A particularly successful implementation is DNA origami, in which a long scaffold strand is folded by hundreds of short auxiliary strands into a complex shape. Modular strategies are in principle simpler and more(More)
OBJECTIVE The Chinese population has been aging rapidly and the country's economy has experienced exponential growth during the past three decades. The goal of this study was to estimate the changes in the prevalence of dementia, Alzheimer's disease (AD), and vascular dementia (VaD) among elderly Chinese individuals and to analyze differences between urban(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is an age-dependent neurodegenerative disease that often occurs in those over age 60. Although rodents and small animals have been used widely to model PD and investigate its pathology, their short life span makes it difficult to assess the aging-related pathology that is likely to occur in PD patient brains. Here, we used brain(More)