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Ib-AMP1 is a 20-residue disulfide-linked beta-sheet antimicrobial peptide found in the seeds of Impatiens balsamina. In order to investigate the effects of the 2 disulfide bonds on the antimicrobial specificity, to determine the mechanism of antimicrobial action of Ib-AMP1 and to develop novel cell-selective antimicrobial peptides with improved(More)
TCRαβ thymocytes differentiate into either CD8αβ(+) cytotoxic T lymphocytes or CD4(+) helper T cells. This functional dichotomy is controlled by key transcription factors, including the helper T cell master regulator ThPOK, which suppresses the cytolytic program in major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II-restricted CD4(+) thymocytes. ThPOK continues(More)
A guidewire is a medical device inserted into vessels during image guided interventions for balloon inflation. During interventions, the guidewire undergoes non-rigid deformation due to patients' breathing and cardiac motions, and such 3D motions are complicated when being projected onto the 2D fluoroscopy. Furthermore, in fluoroscopy there exist severe(More)
A stable transformation system for the expression of foreign genes in the unicellular marine green alga Dunaliella salina was established. Among five antibiotics, 60 µg mL −1 chloramphenicol completely inhibited growth. Of five promoters tested, the ubiquitin-promoter yielded the highest β-glucuronidase (GUS) activity. The hepatitis B surface antigen(More)
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays an important role in renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF) with diabetic nephropathy (DN). Smad7 (a inhibitory smad), a downstream signaling molecules of TGF-β1, represses the EMT. The physiological function of miR-21 is closely linked to EMT and RIF. However, it remained unclear whether miR-21 over-expression(More)
In the present work we genotyped three single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs7301328, rs1805247, and rs1805502) of the GRIN2B gene in a set of 480 unrelated bipolar disorder patients and 480 unrelated genetically matched normal controls in Chinese Han population by either allelic-specific multiplex ligation-detection reaction (AMLR) technology or direct(More)
The G72/G30 (D-amino-acid oxidase activator) complex was the first gene to be associated with bipolar disorder (BPD) in European populations, but until now no such association has been identified in Asian populations. To investigate possible association in the Chinese Han population, we carried out a study involving 475 BPD patients and 588 healthy(More)
In this report, the sulfated polysaccharide (SJP) isolated from the sea cucumber Stichopus japonicus can protect PC12 from Na2S2O4-induced hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury. SJP effectively improves cell viability and reduces extracellular LDH release in PC12 cells after H/R. Moreover, SJP significantly increases SOD activity but decreases MDA levels. Our(More)
Acyl-CoA:lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase (LPCAT) enzymes have central roles in acyl editing of phosphatidylcholine (PC). Plant LPCAT genes were expressed in yeast and characterized biochemically in microsomal preparations of the cells. Specificities for different acyl-CoAs were similar for seven LPCATs from five different species, including species(More)
Cell division requires the coordination of critical protein kinases and phosphatases. Greatwall (Gwl) kinase activity inactivates PP2A-B55 at mitotic entry to promote the phosphorylation of cyclin B-Cdk1 substrates, but how Gwl is regulated is poorly understood. We found that the subcellular localization of Gwl changed dramatically during the cell cycle in(More)