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The rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) is an abundant primate species that diverged from the ancestors of Homo sapiens about 25 million years ago. Because they are genetically and physiologically similar to humans, rhesus monkeys are the most widely used nonhuman primate in basic and applied biomedical research. We determined the genome sequence of an(More)
CONTEXT Schizophrenia is a common major mental disorder. Intrauterine nutritional deficiency may increase the risk of schizophrenia. The main evidence comes from studies of the 1944-1945 Dutch Hunger Winter when a sharp and time-limited decline in food intake occurred. The most exposed cohort conceived during the famine showed a 2-fold increased risk of(More)
STUDY QUESTION Are there any correlations between the phenotypes of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and the genotypes of the PCOS susceptibility single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in THADA, DENND1A and LHCGR? SUMMARY ANSWER The PCOS susceptibility genes, THADA and DENND1A, carry risk alleles that are associated with endocrine and metabolic(More)
microRNAs (miRNA) are small noncoding RNAs that participate in diverse biological processes by suppressing target gene expression. Altered expression of miR-21 has been reported in cancer. To gain insights into its potential role in tumorigenesis, we generated miR-21 knockout colon cancer cells through gene targeting. Unbiased microarray analysis combined(More)
A sediment core spanning approximately 1,600 years was collected from a lake on Ardley Island, Antarctica. The sediment core had been greatly influenced by penguin guano. Using molecular methods, the chitinolytic bacterial community along the sediment core was studied over its entire length. Primers targeting conserved sequences of the catalytic domains of(More)
PUMA is a BH3-only Bcl-2 family protein that plays an essential role in DNA damage-induced apoptosis. PUMA interacts with anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 and Bcl-X(L) and is dependent on Bax to induce apoptosis. In this study, we investigated how the interactions of PUMA with the antiapoptotic proteins coordinate with Bax to initiate apoptosis in HCT116 colon cancer(More)
Using RNA-based techniques and hot spring samples collected from Yunnan Province, China, we show that the amoA gene of aerobic ammonia-oxidizing archaea can be transcribed at temperatures higher than 74 degrees C and up to 94 degrees C, suggesting that archaeal nitrification can potentially occur at near boiling temperatures.
AIM To establish the DNA methylation patterns of the promoter CpG islands of 14 "drug-resistance" genes in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS The methylation specific polymerase chain reaction in conjunction with sequencing verification was used to establish the methylation patterns of the 14 genes in the liver tissues of four healthy liver donors,(More)
AIM To establish the methylation profile of the promoter CpG islands of 31 genes that might play etiological roles in colon carcinogenesis. METHODS The methylation specific PCR in conjunction of sequencing verification was used to establish the methylation-profile of the promoter CpG islands of 31 genes in colorectal cancer (n = 65), the neighboring(More)
BACKGROUND Long noncoding RNA nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 (NEAT1) plays key role in the progression of some human cancers. However, the role of NEAT1 in human laryngeal squamous cell cancer (LSCC) is still unknown. We therefore investigated the expression and function of NEAT1 in LSCC. METHODS NEAT1 level in LSCC and adjacent non-neoplastic(More)