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Heterozygosity of the retinoblastoma gene Rb1 elicits tumorigenesis in susceptible tissues following spontaneous loss of the remaining functional allele. Inactivation of previously studied retinoblastoma protein (pRb) targets partially inhibited tumorigenesis in Rb1(+/-) mice. Here we report that inactivation of pRb target Skp2 (refs. 7,8) completely(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Angelica sinensis (AS) has been used for thousands of years in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). Processed products of AS mainly include charred Angelica, parching Angelica with oil, parching Angelica with wine, and parching Angelica with soil, which have been widely used in TCM prescriptions. Polysaccharides are important(More)
Many human aneuploidy syndromes have unique phenotypic consequences, but in most instances it is unclear whether these phenotypes are attributable to alterations in the dosage of specific genes. In human trisomy 13, there is delayed switching and persistence of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) and elevation of embryonic hemoglobin in newborns. Using partial trisomy(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the distribution of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in the enteric nervous system of children with cardiac achalasia. METHODS Biopsy specimens of the lower esophagus, cardia, gastric fundus and pylorus from 13 patients with cardiac achalasia and 6 controls were obtained and studied histochemically with nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide(More)
It is believed that Rb blocks G1-S transition by inhibiting expression of E2F regulated genes. Here, we report that the effects of E2F repression lag behind the onset of G1 cell cycle arrest in timed Rb reexpression experiments. In comparison, kinase inhibitor p27Kip1 protein accumulates with a faster kinetics. Conversely, Rb knockout leads to faster p27(More)
CCN2 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of hypertrophic scars (HTSs). Although CCN2 is involved in many fibroproliferative events, the CCN2 induction signaling pathway in HTSs is yet to be elucidated. Here, we first investigated the effect of the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) on CCN2-induced α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and collagen I(More)
Hormone-sensitive lipases (HSLs) are widely distributed in microorganisms, plants, and animals. Microbial HSLs are classified into two subfamilies, an unnamed new subfamily and the GDSAG motif subfamily. Due to the lack of structural information, the detailed catalytic mechanism of the new subfamily is not yet clarified. Based on sequence analysis, we(More)
Grazing of dominant zooplankton copepods (Calanoides acutus, and Metridia gerlachei), salps (Salpa thompsoni) and microzooplankton was determined during the austral summer of 1998/1999 at the seasonal ice zone of the Prydz Bay region. The objective was to measure the ingestion rates of zooplankton at the seasonal ice zone, so as to evaluate the importance(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) for the treatment of keratoconus. METHODS We performed a literature search for randomized controlled trials that assessed the effect of CXL in slowing progression of keratoconus. The primary outcome measures included changes of topographic parameters, visual acuity, and refraction.(More)
In all vertebrates, the cell nucleus becomes highly condensed and transcriptionally inactive during the final stages of red cell biogenesis. Enucleation, the process by which the nucleus is extruded by budding off from the erythroblast, is unique to mammals. Enucleation has critical physiological and evolutionary significance in that it allows an elevation(More)