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— We consider the communication scenario where multiple cognitive users wish to communicate to the same receiver through AWGN channels, in the presence of primary transmission. The cognitive users are assumed to have the side information about the primary transmission. The achievable rate region of cognitive users is formulated under the constraint that the(More)
Highly flexible software network functions (NFs) are crucial components to enable multi-tenancy in the clouds. However, software packet processing on a commodity server has limited capacity and induces high latency. While software NFs could scale out using more servers, doing so adds significant cost. This paper focuses on accelerating NFs with programmable(More)
The efficiency of energy transfer from the peripheral chlorosome antenna structure to the membrane-bound antenna in green sulfur bacteria depends strongly on the redox potential of the medium. The fluorescence spectra and lifetimes indicate that efficient quenching pathways are induced in the chlorosome at high redox potential. The midpoint redox(More)
— In interference-limited wireless cellular systems, interference avoidance and interference averaging are widely adopted to combat co-channel interference. In different types of wireless networks, these two basic frequency planning methods are implemented under variable system deployment strategies. With respect to the IEEE 802.16 OFDMA network,(More)
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) exhibit an age-dependent reduction in osteogenesis that is accompanied by an increased propensity toward adipocyte differentiation. This switch increases adipocyte numbers and decreases the number of osteoblasts, contributing to age-related bone loss. Here, we found that the level of microRNA-188 (miR-188) is(More)
– One of the main design issues for wireless sensor networks is the sensor placement problem. In this paper, we formulate a constrained multivariable nonlinear programming problem to determine both the locations of the sensor nodes and data transmission pattern. The two objectives studied in the paper are to maximize the network lifetime and to minimize the(More)
Physiological studies have indicated that agonists at the mu-opioid receptor (mu OR), such as morphine or the endogenous peptide methionine5-enkephalin, can markedly decrease the spontaneous activity of noradrenergic neurons in the locus coeruleus (LC). Messenger RNA and protein for mu OR are also densely expressed by LC neurons. During opiate withdrawal,(More)
—A promising technology that tackles the conflict between spectrum scarcity and under-utilization is cognitive radio (CR), of which spectrum sensing is one of the most important functionalities. The use of dedicated sensors is an emerging service for spectrum sensing, where multiple sensors perform cooperative spectrum sensing. However, due to energy(More)
An efficient combined system based on modified two-phase anaerobic digestion (MTPAD) combined with a biological aerated filter (BAF) is proposed to treat wastewater generated in the production of Dioscorea zingiberensis C.H. Wright (DZW). The pilot-scale experiments showed that both organics and sulfates at high concentrations could be removed(More)