Penelope S Yates

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The culturability of bacteria in the bulk soil of an Australian pasture was investigated by using nutrient broth at 1/100 of its normal concentration (dilute nutrient broth [DNB]) as the growth medium. Three-tube most-probable-number serial dilution culture resulted in a mean viable count that was only 1.4% of the mean microscopically determined total cell(More)
Human epithelial cells and the McCoy cell line were infected with Chlamydia trachomatis, serotype E. The organization of the cytoplasm was then studied with probes which stained cytoskeletal components and membrane compartments. The major actin-containing stress fibre bundles were not associated with inclusions due to the peri-basal and peri-apical location(More)
Representatives of only four well-characterized bacterial phyla were isolated from a pasture soil by using liquid serial dilution culture. In contrast, members of Acidobacteria, Verrucomicrobia, and Gemmatimonadetes and of other poorly represented bacterial lineages were isolated in earlier experiments with solidified versions of the same media. We conclude(More)
This paper describes the characterization and taxonomic status of N16, a chlamydial isolate from the respiratory tract of a horse. N16 contains plasmid DNA, has normal elementary body morphology and its inclusions do not stain with iodine. Its major outer-membrane protein (MOMP) gene was completely sequenced and compared with the MOMP genes of Chlamydia(More)
The dynamic nature of Chlamydia trachomatis inclusions was studied by video and 35 mm time-lapse photomicrography of live cells, and by immunolocalization of inclusions in fixed cells. A serotype E isolate was used to infect the MCCoy cell line and endometrial epithelia. Then resulting inclusions were observed over 4 d. They appeared as slowly expanding(More)
A simple method for filter purification of Chlamydia trachomatis from cell culture is described. Crude homogenates of chlamydiae-infected cells were passed through a glass prefilter and a 0.6 microns pore diameter polycarbonate filter. The filtrate was then passed through a 0.2 microns pore diameter filter on which the chlamydiae were trapped. This filter(More)
The ability of motile cells to remove small inanimate particles from solid substrata is well documented. We show here that motile cells will pick up and internalize infectious particles of the obligate intracellular parasite Chlamydia trachomatis when they are adherent to the substratum over which the host cells move. Two cell types were used to assess(More)
An in vitro model of the regenerative phase of the human endometrial cycle was developed in order to study the growth of Chlamydia trachomatis during the period following menses. Glandular epithelial fragments were prepared from curettings of endometria and explanted onto coated substrata. Epithelial cells migrated rapidly from the explant in a fashion(More)
In view of the controversy concerning the expression of chlamydial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the eukaryotic host cell, the presence of this molecule was examined in three cell types which were experimentally infected with Chlamydia trachomatis serotype E. LPS was detected in the McCoy cell line, human endometrial epithelium and human amniotic epithelium(More)
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