Penelope M. Drake

Learn More
Upon insulin binding, a conformational change in the insulin receptor (IR) leads to IR beta-subunit autophosphorylation, an increase in IR beta-subunit exogenous tyrosine kinase activity, and the rapid endocytosis of the ligand-receptor complex into endosomes. Previous work has shown that upon internalization, rat hepatic endosomal IRs manifest increased(More)
Insulin administration activates the insulin receptor kinase (IRK) in both plasma membrane (PM) and endosomes (ENs) raising the possibility of transmembrane signaling occurring in the endosomal compartment. Peroxovanadium compounds activate the IRK by inhibiting IR-associated phosphotyrosine phosphatase(s). Following the administration of the(More)
It is becoming increasingly clear that site-specific conjugation offers significant advantages over conventional conjugation chemistries used to make antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs). Site-specific payload placement allows for control over both the drug-to-antibody ratio (DAR) and the conjugation site, both of which play an important role in governing the(More)
Peroxovanadium (pV) compounds activate the insulin receptor kinase in hepatocytes and inhibit the dephosphorylation of insulin receptors in hepatic endosomes with highly correlated potencies (Posner, B. I., R. Faure, J. W. Burgess, A. P. Bevan, D. Lachance, G. Zhang-Sun, J. B. Ng, D. A. Hall, B. S. Lum, and A. Shaver J. Biol. Chem. 269: 4596-4604, 1994).(More)
Ragaglitazar is a novel dual peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha and gamma agonist intended to restore insulin sensitivity and correct diabetic dyslipidemia. These studies assessed single-dose pharmacokinetics and tolerability of ragaglitazar in healthy subjects, as well as multiple-dose pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and(More)
Polypeptide hormones, growth factors, and other biologically significant molecules are specifically internalized by target cells. Exposure of cells to these ligands results in the formation of ligand-receptor complexes on the cell surface and subsequent internalization of these complexes into the endosomal apparatus (endosomes, or ENs). The study of ENs has(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) plays an important role in a variety of hormone and growth factor-mediated intracellular signaling cascades and has been implicated in the regulation of a number of metabolic effects of insulin, including glucose transport and glycogen synthase activation. In the present study we have examined 1) the association(More)
  • 1