Penelope Lea Nayudu

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The development of a culture system for individual mouse ovarian follicles using a low concentration of homologous serum, human follicle-stimulating hormone (hFSH) and a simple combination of growth factors is reported. Preantral follicles, 150 microns in diameter, with thecal cells attached were isolated mechanically. After 6-7 days on a Millicell(More)
In most species, the zona pellucida (ZP), an extracellular matrix surrounding the mammalian oocyte, is composed of three glycoproteins: ZPA, ZPB and ZPC. Based mainly on results with mice, the site of zona pellucida biosynthesis has been suggested to be exclusively in the oocyte cytoplasm. However, evidence is accumulating that among various species(More)
The success rates for cryopreservation of immature oocytes from several species including human remain low, in contrast to major improvements with mature oocytes. In this study, a new approach has been developed using a short exposure ultra-rapid freezing protocol, examining the effect of temperature and egg yolk (two factors which may be expected to(More)
Carbohydrates attached to the protein core of glycoprotein hormones influence a number of intracellular and extracellular processes. As with other members of the glycoprotein hormone family, FSH is produced and released as an array of isoforms that differ from each other in the structure of their oligosaccharide attachments. In this review, we discuss how(More)
The effects of three isoforms derived from recombinant human FSH on ovarian follicle development in vitro were characterized for the first time. The three subfractions comprised discrete pI ranges of 3. 6-4.6 (acid), 4.5-5.0 (mid), and 5.0-5.6 (least acidic). Follicular growth, estradiol secretion, and antral formation were assessed for each fraction of(More)
Cryopreservation of human embryos from the 2-cell stage up to the morula stage is a safe procedure which has been carried out for the last 25 years. Experience with blastocyst cryopreservation is still limited and pregnancy rates after the use of frozen, thawed blastocysts vary extremely. Vitrification has improved the success of embryo cryopreservation.(More)
The interactive factors that influence the developmental progress of a follicle and determine whether it will progress to ovulation or toward atresia, are highly complex. In vitro models are being developed that are intended to provide a simplified environment to facilitate understanding of the dynamics of the processes involved. The purpose of this(More)
This study was conducted to investigate the relationships between oocyte meiotic competence, follicle size, and occyte-somatic cell associations in the marmoset monkey (Callithrix jacchus). Follicles were excised from ovaries of nonstimulated adult cyclic females (n = 6) collected on Day 7 of the follicular phase. Follicles were separated into size groups:(More)
Experiments were conducted to develop a simple rapid-freezing protocol for mature mouse oocytes that would yield a high proportion of oocytes with developmental potential. The effects of concentration (3.5, 4.5 and 6.0 M dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) all with 0.5 M sucrose) and the duration of exposure (2.5 min vs 45 sec) of oocytes to the cryoprotectant and(More)
We evaluated the effects of follicular exposure in vitro to either of two mutually exclusive isoforms of FSH (least acidic and acid) on the subsequent capacity of oocytes for embryonic development. The effects of dose and follicle culture duration were examined. At the threshold dose (that required to produce antra) and at one subthreshold dose, the major(More)