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In most species, the zona pellucida (ZP), an extracellular matrix surrounding the mammalian oocyte, is composed of three glycoproteins: ZPA, ZPB and ZPC. Based mainly on results with mice, the site of zona pellucida biosynthesis has been suggested to be exclusively in the oocyte cytoplasm. However, evidence is accumulating that among various species(More)
The success rates for cryopreservation of immature oocytes from several species including human remain low, in contrast to major improvements with mature oocytes. In this study, a new approach has been developed using a short exposure ultra-rapid freezing protocol, examining the effect of temperature and egg yolk (two factors which may be expected to(More)
Penile vibrostimulation (PVS), a noninvasive repeatable method, has been shown in the squirrel monkey to yield semen of higher quality than rectal probe electro-ejaculation (RPE). The present study aimed at establishing the conditions for PVS to collect ejaculates from marmoset monkeys. Ten adult males were trained on the appropriate handling before each(More)
BACKGROUND This is the first study of the effect of epidermal growth factor (EGF) on marmoset monkey oocytes matured in vitro. METHODS We have evaluated the effects of 10 ng/ml EGF in combination with 1 or 10 IU/ml of gonadotrophins (FSH/hCG 1:1 ratio) during in vitro maturation (IVM) of marmoset oocytes. Immature cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were(More)
Interaction between the spermatozoon and the zona pellucida during the first steps of fertilization was analysed on approximately 500 polyploid and unfertilized IVF oocytes by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Oocytes demonstrate high inter- and intra-individual variations in size and morphology which do not correlate either with the maturity of the(More)
BACKGROUND Beta-microseminoprotein, an abundant component in prostatic fluid, is encoded by the potential tumor suppressor gene MSMB. Some New World monkeys carry several copies of this gene, in contrast to most mammals, including humans, which have one only. Here we have investigated the background for the species difference by analyzing the chromosomal(More)
The Callithrix jacchus is a Brazilian endemic species that has been widely used as an experimental model in biomedical research. Anatomical data are necessary to support experimental studies with this species. Eleven hearts of C. jacchus from the German Primate Centre (DPZ) have been studied in order to characterize their gross morphometry and compare them(More)
Assisted reproductive techniques make an important contribution to the conservation of endangered primate species. In our laboratories marmoset monkeys (Callithrix jacchus) are used as a model species for developing assisted reproductive technologies for New World primates. The studies require a reliable method for collecting functional sperm from these(More)
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