Penelope C. Hayward

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There is evidence that pluripotency of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells is associated with the activity of a network of transcription factors with Sox2, Oct4, and Nanog at the core. Using fluorescent reporters for the expression of Nanog, we observed that a population of ES cells is best described by a dynamic distribution of Nanog expression characterized(More)
The maintenance of pluripotency in mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) relies on the activity of a transcriptional network that is fuelled by the activity of three transcription factors (Nanog, Oct4 and Sox2) and balanced by the repressive activity of Tcf3. Extracellular signals modulate the activity of the network and regulate the differentiation capacity(More)
The development of the central nervous system is known to result from two sequential events. First, an inductive event of the mesoderm on the overlying ectoderm that generates a neural plate that, after rolling into a neural tube, acts as the main source of neural progenitors. Second, the axial regionalization of the neural plate that will result in the(More)
Members of the Notch family of receptors act as membrane-tethered transcription factors that are tightly associated with binary cell fate decisions. Notch signaling acts as a molecular gate that allows cells to adopt or forfeit a particular fate. Interaction of Notch with ligands triggers a sequence of proteolytic cleavages that release the intracellular(More)
The assignation of cell fates during eukaryotic development relies on the coordinated and stable expression of cohorts of genes within cell populations. The precise and reproducible nature of this process is remarkable given that, at the single-cell level, the transcription of individual genes is associated with noise - random molecular fluctuations that(More)
The Wnt and Notch signalling pathways represent two major channels of communication used by animal cells to control their identities and behaviour during development. A number of reports indicate that their activities are closely intertwined during embryonic development. Here, we review the evidence for this relationship and suggest that Wnt and Notch(More)
Notch receptors act as ligand-dependent membrane-tethered transcription factors with a prominent role in binary cell fate decisions during development, which is conserved across species. In addition there is increasing evidence for other functions of Notch, particularly in connection with Wnt signalling: Notch is able to modulate the activity of(More)
The transmembrane proteins Delta and Serrate act as ligands for the signaling receptor Notch. In addition to this activating role, Delta and Serrate can also inhibit Notch signaling activity. This inhibitory effect is concentration-dependent and appears to be evolutionarily conserved. In characterizing the underlying cellular mechanisms of the ligand(More)
Notch is a receptor that mediates intercellular signaling through a pathway conserved across the metazoa. It is involved in cell fate assignation and pattern formation during development. The receptor acts as a membrane-tethered transcription factor and is activated by members of the Delta, Serrate, Lag-2 family of Notch ligands, which trigger two(More)
Cell fate decisions require the integration of various signalling inputs at the level of transcription and signal transduction. Wnt and Notch signalling are two important signalling systems that operate in concert in a variety of systems in vertebrates and invertebrates. There is evidence that the Notch receptor can modulate Wnt signalling and that its(More)