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Ebola virus was recovered from a nine-year-old girl who died of acute hemorrhagic fever in June 1977 at Tandala Hospital in northwestern Zaire, in the first reported recognized case of this disease since the discovery epidemics of 1976 in Zaire and Sudan. Investigations undertaken in the Tandala region revealed that two previous clinical infections with(More)
A prospective case-control study of Lassa fever was established in Sierra Leone to measure the frequency and case-fatality ratio of Lassa fever among febrile hospital admissions and to better delineate the clinical diagnosis and course of this disease. Lassa fever was responsible for 10%-16% of all adult medical admissions and for approximately 30% of adult(More)
In order to explore the significance of a previous observation that the most important pathologic changes in fatal Lassa fever are hepatic, we have studied postmortem liver biopsies from 19 patients with fatal Lassa fever. We observed a vigorous macrophage response to cellular damage, but we found no evidence of lymphocyte infiltration in infected hepatic(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was detected in bedbugs (Cimex hemipterus) up to 8 d after oral exposure to highly concentrated virus in blood meals, but no virus replication was observed. HIV did not replicate in either intraabdominally inoculated bedbugs or intrathoracically inoculated mosquitoes (Toxorhynchites amboinensis). The virus was not detected(More)
In a study of Lassa fever in Sierra Leone, West Africa, we identified two variables associated with a high risk of death, and we evaluated the efficacy of ribavirin and Lassa virus-convalescent plasma for the treatment of Lassa fever. A serum aspartate aminotransferase level greater than or equal to 150 IU per liter at the time of hospital admission was(More)
More than 30 years after the first outbreak of Marburg virus disease in Germany and Yugoslavia and 20 years after Ebola hemorrhagic fever first occurred in central Africa, the natural history of filoviruses remains unknown. In 1979 and 1980, animals in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Cameroon were collected during the dry season near the site of(More)
In studies of Lassa fever in Sierra Leone, the prevalence of human antibody to Lassa virus ranged from 8% to 52%. Mastomys natalensis, the reservoir of Lassa virus, constituted 50%-60% of the rodents captured in houses but only 10%-20% of those captured in surrounding agriculture and bush areas (chi 2 = 90.2, P less than 10(-6), df = 1), a finding(More)
This paper describes the clinical, epidemiological, and laboratory investigations undertaken to isolate and identify the etiological agent of a nosocomial cluster of hemorrhagic fever cases due to Crimean hemorrhagic fever (CHR)-Congo virus. Since this virus is usually transmitted by ticks it was surprising that the index case, in a nomadic shepherd,(More)