Penelope A. Morel

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This article describes an in vivo imaging method for visualizing and quantifying a specific cell population. Cells are labeled ex vivo with a perfluoropolyether nanoparticle tracer agent and then detected in vivo using (19)F MRI following cell transfer. (19)F MRI selectively visualizes only the labeled cells with no background, and a conventional (1)H image(More)
The Cell Ontology (CL) aims for the representation of in vivo and in vitro cell types from all of biology. The CL is a candidate reference ontology of the OBO Foundry and requires extensive revision to bring it up to current standards for biomedical ontologies, both in its structure and its coverage of various subfields of biology. We have now addressed the(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) activate T cells and regulate their differentiation into T helper cell type 1 (Th1) and/or Th2 cells. To identify DCs with differing abilities to direct Th1/Th2 cell differentiation, we cultured mouse bone marrow progenitors in granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM), GM + interleukin (IL)-4, or GM + IL-15 and generated(More)
Viral and bacterial infections of the lower respiratory tract are major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Alveolar macrophages line the alveolar spaces and are the first cells of the immune system to respond to invading pathogens. To determine the similarities and differences between the responses of mice and macaques to invading pathogens we(More)
  • Jianmin Xue, Bernadette R. Gochuico, Ahmad Samer Alawad, Carol A. Feghali-Bostwick, Imre Noth, Steven D. Nathan +17 others
  • 2011
BACKGROUND Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and medically refractory lung disease with a grim prognosis. Although the etiology of IPF remains perplexing, abnormal adaptive immune responses are evident in many afflicted patients. We hypothesized that perturbations of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) allele frequencies, which are often seen(More)
The immune system is designed to protect the organism from infection and to repair damaged tissue. An effective response requires recognition of the threat, the appropriate effector mechanism to clear the pathogen and a return to homeostasis with minimal damage to self-tissues. T cells play a central role in orchestrating the immune response at all stages(More)
The immune system is designed to protect an organism from infection and damage caused by a pathogen. A successful immune response requires the coordinated function of multiple cell types and molecules in the innate and adaptive immune systems. Given the complexity of the immune system, it would be advantageous to build computational models to better(More)
  • Penelope A Morel, Alexandra M Livingstone, C Garrison Fathman, Livingstone, A M, H Levy +4 others
  • 2003
Antigen-specific T cells recognize antigen in association with class I or class II products of the MHC. T cell activation results from the formation of a ternary complex involving nominal antigen, the appropriate MHC molecule, and the TCR. Studies of the genetic structure of the TCR a and # chains have not provided a mechanism for the corecognition of(More)
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