Learn More
Obesity-associated increases in adipose tissue (AT) CD11c(+) cells suggest that dendritic cells (DC), which are involved in the tissue recruitment and activation of macrophages, may play a role in determining AT and liver immunophenotype in obesity. This study addressed this hypothesis. With the use of flow cytometry, electron microscopy, and loss-and-gain(More)
In all tissues that have been studied to date, dendritic leucocytes constitute only a small proportion of total cells and are difficult both to isolate and purify. This study reports on a method for the propagation of large numbers of dendritic cells (DC) from mouse spleen using granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and their(More)
The definitions of tolerogenic vs immunogenic dendritic cells (DC) remain controversial. Immature DC have been shown to induce T regulatory cells (Treg) specific for foreign and allogeneic Ags. However, we have previously reported that mature DC (mDC) prevented the onset of autoimmune diabetes, whereas immature DC (iDC) were therapeutically ineffective. In(More)
Viral and bacterial infections of the lower respiratory tract are major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Alveolar macrophages line the alveolar spaces and are the first cells of the immune system to respond to invading pathogens. To determine the similarities and differences between the responses of mice and macaques to invading pathogens we(More)
CD8(+) T cells play an important role in the induction of the autoimmune response in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice. Here we describe abnormalities in the control of cytokine production by NOD CD8(+) T cells. NOD CD8(+) T cells had an increased propensity to produce IFN-gamma upon TCR activation, in both adult and 2-week-old mice. NOD CD8(+) T cells had a(More)
Signaling via the Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin pathway influences CD4(+) T cell differentiation; low levels favor regulatory T cell induction and high levels favor Th induction. Although the lipid phosphatase phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) suppresses Akt activity, the control of PTEN activity is poorly studied in T cells. In this study, we(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the clinical and immunogenetic features of systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients with anti-RNA polymerase (RNAP) or anti-fibrillarin antibodies. METHODS DNA typing for HLA-DR and DQ alleles was performed in 292 patients with SSc, including 81 with anti-RNAP and 24 with anti-fibrillarin antibodies. The remaining patients had(More)
The expression of FcgammaR by human skin-derived mast cells of the MC(TC) type was determined in the current study. Expression of mRNA was analyzed with microarray gene chips and RT-PCR; protein by Western blotting and flow cytometry; function by release of beta-hexosaminidase, PGD(2), leukotriene C(4) (LTC(4)), IL-5, IL-6, IL-13, GM-CSF, and TNF-alpha.(More)
BACKGROUND Signaling through the antigen receptors of human B and T cells and the high-affinity IgE receptor FcepsilonRI of rodent mast cells is decreased by cross-linking these receptors to the low-affinity IgG receptor FcgammaRII. The inhibition is thought to involve the tyrosine phosphorylation of immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIMs)(More)
Early stages of viral infections are associated with local recruitment and activation of dendritic cells (DC) and NK cells. Although activated DC and NK cells are known to support each other's functions, it is less clear whether their local interaction in infected tissues can modulate the subsequent ability of migrating DC to induce T cell responses in(More)