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Cellular therapeutics show great promise for the treatment of disease, but few noninvasive techniques exist for monitoring the cells after administration. Here we present a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology that uses perfluoropolyether (PFPE) agents to track cells in vivo. Fluorine MRI selectively images only the labeled cells, and a(More)
One hundred seventy-two members from 27 randomly selected multiple case Caucasian families of patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) were studied at the DNA level to ascertain the reliability of codon 57 of the HLA-DQ beta-chain gene as a disease protection/susceptibility marker. The analysis was carried out by polymerase chain reaction(More)
The genetic elements specifying six putative two-component regulatory systems (2CSs) were identified on the chromosome of Lactococcus lactis MG1363. These 2CSs appear to represent distinct loci, each containing a histidine kinase and response-regulator-encoding gene pair. Transcriptional analysis of the six 2CSs was performed either by generating(More)
The definitions of tolerogenic vs immunogenic dendritic cells (DC) remain controversial. Immature DC have been shown to induce T regulatory cells (Treg) specific for foreign and allogeneic Ags. However, we have previously reported that mature DC (mDC) prevented the onset of autoimmune diabetes, whereas immature DC (iDC) were therapeutically ineffective. In(More)
Bacillus thuringiensis was isolated from dried tobacco residues and dead tobacco beetles (Lasioderma serricorne (F.); Coleoptera: Anobiidae) collected in a large number of locations worldwide. Eighty-eight samples of stored tobacco were analyzed and yielded 78 B. thuringiensis strains which were characterized on the basis of parasporal crystal morphology,(More)
Human natural killer (NK) cells were thought to express only FcgammaRIIIA (CD16), but recent reports have indicated that NK cells also express a second type of FcgammaR, ie, FcgammaRII (CD32). We have isolated, cloned, and sequenced full-length cDNAs of FcgammaRII from NK cells derived from several normal individuals that may represent four different(More)
Obesity-associated increases in adipose tissue (AT) CD11c(+) cells suggest that dendritic cells (DC), which are involved in the tissue recruitment and activation of macrophages, may play a role in determining AT and liver immunophenotype in obesity. This study addressed this hypothesis. With the use of flow cytometry, electron microscopy, and loss-and-gain(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are important in host defense against viruses and tumors and can induce death of virally infected cells following engagement of cell surface receptors. Human NK cells express receptors for the Fc portion of IgG which stimulate antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity and induce cytokine production. We have shown that NK cells(More)
We have studied a panel of DBA/2 T cell clones specific for sperm whale myoglobin (SpW Mb) for TCR (T cell receptor) beta chain gene expression by FACS analysis using the monoclonal antibodies F23.1 and KJ16 specific for the V beta 8 family of the TCR beta chain genes. Within any given specificity group, all the clones tested came from different mice. 10 of(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) function as antigen presenting cells in vivo and play a fundamental role in numerous diseases. New methods are described for high-efficiency intracellular labeling of DCs with superparamagnetic iron-oxide (SPIO) utilizing a receptor-mediated endocytosis (RME) mechanism. Bone marrow-derived DCs or a fetal skin-derived DC line were(More)