Pen Fan Sun

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The malaria sporozoite vaccine candidate RTS,S, formulated with an oil-in-water emulsion plus the immunostimulants monophosphoryl lipid A and the saponin derivative QS21 (vaccine 3), recently showed superior efficacy over two other experimental formulations. Immunized volunteers were followed to determine the duration of protective immune responses.(More)
Candidate malaria vaccines have failed to elicit consistently protective immune responses against challenge with Plasmodium falciparum. NYVAC-Pf7, a highly attenuated vaccinia virus with 7 P. falciparum genes inserted into its genome, was tested in a phase I/IIa safety, immunogenicity, and efficacy vaccine trial in human volunteers. Malaria genes inserted(More)
Exposure to irradiated Plasmodium sporozoites (gamma-spz) results in protection against malaria. Like infectious spz, gamma-spz colonize hepatocytes to undergo maturation. Disruption of liver stage development prevents the generation of protection, which appears, therefore, to depend on liver stage antigens. Although some mechanisms of protection have been(More)
This paper describes the design of a service that provides nutritional feedback to female college freshmen. A variety of background research methods--food journals, competitive product analyses, and ethnographic interviews--led to the design of a service that integrates into existing university systems with little effort.
In order to produce mAbs directed specifically against HLA-DR10 molecule, transfected mouse L cells, expressing the DRB1*1001 allele, were used to immunize C3H mice over a period of 4 weeks. Two mAbs, 2C12 and 4B6, derived from this fusion were found to recognize, with different affinity, polymorphic epitopes of DR10 that are shared with DR1, 3, 7, and 9.(More)
Two polymorphic anti-HLA-DQB1 mAbs, TM 902 and TM 903, have been produced by immunizing F1 mice (Balb/C x C3H) with HLA-DQ-transfected mouse L cells. Cytotoxic analysis on a panel of HLA-typed cell lines has shown that TM 902 reacts with all the DQB1* alleles except DQB1*0501, *0502, and *0503, and DQB1*0601, *0602, *0603, and *0604, whereas TM 903 reacts(More)
An in vitro system for induction of antibody responses of human cells has been established in our lab. B cell enriched fractions from excised human tonsils or trauma spleen were cultured for 7-14 days with tetanus toxoid or HBsAg vaccine with or without human T cell conditioned medium (C. M.) or a mixture of low concentrations of PWM and LPS (MTG). Positive(More)
Sources of immunized lymphocytes constitute one of the main obstacles in the production of human monoclonal antibodies. We tried to get them through in vitro immunization. Cells from excised tonsils or trauma spleens were used for the induction of antibody responses in vitro. Antibodies to different antigens including sheep red blood cells, ovalbumin,(More)
Human tonsil cells in vitro immunized with tetanus toxoid were fused with human-mouse heteromyeloma line RF to generate human-mouse hybridomas. Hybridoma 891112-50 was cloned and 2 subclones (891112-50-3 and -4) were obtained. The secreted antibodies from the subclones were antigen specific, since they did not cross react with three irrelevant antigens(More)
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