Pembe Issamou Mayengue

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Summary In malaria-endemic regions, pregnant women are more susceptible to malarial infections than non-pregnant women. The main objective of this study, which was conducted in the malaria hyperendemic town of Lambaréné (Gabon, Central Africa), was to characterize Plasmodium falciparum infections in peripheral, placental and cord blood from women of(More)
The characterization of malaria parasite populations circulating in an area is part of site characterization, as a basis for evaluating the impact of malaria interventions on genetic diversity, parasite species, and multiplicity of infection. The present study was aimed at analysing genetic diversity of Plasmodium falciparum merozoite surface proteins 1 and(More)
Regular monitoring of the levels of anti-malarial resistance of Plasmodium falciparum is an essential policy to adapt therapy and improve malaria control. This monitoring can be facilitated by using molecular tools, which are easier to implement than the classical determination of the resistance phenotype. In Cameroon, chloroquine (CQ), previously the(More)
Congo-Brazzaville adopted artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) in 2006. Artesunate-amodiaquine (AS + AQ) and artemether-lumefantrine are the first-line and second-line anti-malarial drugs to treat uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria, respectively. The baseline efficacy of AS + AQ was evaluated from February to August 2005 in patients living(More)
Chloroquine (CQ) resistance in Plasmodium falciparum has been particularly associated with mutations in the pfcrt gene. The present study was carried out in the malaria hyperendemic town of Brazzaville (Republic of Congo, Central Africa) where CQ is still recommended and used as a first-line drug for P. falciparum malaria. We assessed the efficacy of CQ in(More)
We evaluated the relationship between immune response markers and the multiplicity of Plasmodium falciparum infections in order to assess the validity of the latter as an indicator of the acquisition of anti-malarial immunity. Parasite populations present during malaria episodes of 64 Gabonese children who presented with at least 4 such attacks during(More)
In Lambaréné (Gabon), where a high level of Plasmodium falciparum resistance to chloroquine has been reported, we assessed the relationship between polymorphisms in the P. falciparum chloroquine resistance transporter (Pfcrt) and multidrug resistance-1 (Pfmdr1) genes and the clinical severity of malaria. Ninety-one and 60 P. falciparum isolates from(More)
Chloroquine resistance (CR) decreased after the removal of chloroquine from national treatment guidelines in Malawi, Kenia and Tanzania. In this investigation the prevalence of the chloroquine resistance (CQR) conferring mutant pfcrt allele and its associated chromosomal haplotype were determined before and after the change in Gabonese national treatment(More)
In order to prepare the field site for future interventions, the prevalence of asymptomatic Plasmodium falciparum infection was evaluated in a cohort of children living in Brazzaville. Plasmodium falciparum merozoite surface protein 2 gene (msp 2) was used to characterize the genetic diversity and the multiplicity of infection. The prevalence of mutant P.(More)
BACKGROUND To extend our previous findings showing an imbalanced distribution of immunoglobulin G2 (IgG2) antibodies to Plasmodium falciparum merozoite surface protein 2 (MSP2) and a higher frequency of infection with multiple P. falciparum strains in Gabonese children with sickle cell trait (hemoglobin AS), human Fc gamma receptor (Fc gamma R) IIa (CD32)(More)