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Dopamine supersensitivity occurs in schizophrenia and other psychoses, and after hippocampal lesions, antipsychotics, ethanol, amphetamine, phencyclidine, gene knockouts of Dbh (dopamine beta-hydroxylase), Drd4 receptors, Gprk6 (G protein-coupled receptor kinase 6), Comt (catechol-O-methyltransferase), or Th-/-, DbhTh/+ (tyrosine hydroxylase), and in rats(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) is a serine peptidase which digests small peptide-like hormones, neuroactive peptides, and various cellular factors. Therefore, this peptidase has been implicated in many physiological processes as well as in some psychiatric disorders, most probably through interference in inositol cycle. Intense research has been performed to(More)
The present experiments investigated the effects of agents acting at serotonin (5-HT)-2 receptors on the performance of rats in a choice serial reaction time (5-CSRT) task in order to examine the role of 5-HT2 receptors in the modulation of attention and response control. The results indicate that DOI, [(+/-)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminopropane(More)
Accumulating evidence from clinical and preclinical studies shows that catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) plays a significant role in dopamine metabolism in the prefrontal cortex, but not in the striatum. However, to what extent dopamine overflow in the prefrontal cortex and striatum is controlled by enzymatic degradation versus reuptake is unknown. We(More)
1. The structure of catechol O-methyltransferase (COMT) has been recently characterized and a series of new and selective COMT inhibitors developed. 2. Entacapone, nitecapone and tolcapone are nitrocatechol-type potent COMT inhibitors in vitro (Ki in nanomolar range). They are also very selective for COMT and active in vivo even after oral administration.(More)
The prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) family of serine proteases includes prolyl oligopeptidase, dipeptidyl peptidase IV, acylaminoacyl peptidase and oligopeptidase B. The enzymes of this family specifically hydrolyze oligopeptides with less than 30 amino acids. Many of the POP family enzymes have evoked pharmaceutical interest as they have roles in the(More)