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Dopamine supersensitivity occurs in schizophrenia and other psychoses, and after hippocampal lesions, antipsychotics, ethanol, amphetamine, phencyclidine, gene knockouts of Dbh (dopamine beta-hydroxylase), Drd4 receptors, Gprk6 (G protein-coupled receptor kinase 6), Comt (catechol-O-methyltransferase), or Th-/-, DbhTh/+ (tyrosine hydroxylase), and in rats(More)
Accumulating evidence from clinical and preclinical studies shows that catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) plays a significant role in dopamine metabolism in the prefrontal cortex, but not in the striatum. However, to what extent dopamine overflow in the prefrontal cortex and striatum is controlled by enzymatic degradation versus reuptake is unknown. We(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) is a serine peptidase which digests small peptide-like hormones, neuroactive peptides, and various cellular factors. Therefore, this peptidase has been implicated in many physiological processes as well as in some psychiatric disorders, most probably through interference in inositol cycle. Intense research has been performed to(More)
The present experiments investigated the effects of agents acting at serotonin (5-HT)-2 receptors on the performance of rats in a choice serial reaction time (5-CSRT) task in order to examine the role of 5-HT2 receptors in the modulation of attention and response control. The results indicate that DOI, [(+/-)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminopropane(More)
Previous studies suggest that brain-derived neurotrophic factor and its receptor TrkB are critically involved in the therapeutic actions of antidepressant drugs. We have previously shown that the antidepressants imipramine and fluoxetine produce a rapid autophosphorylation of TrkB in the rodent brain. In the present study, we have further examined the(More)
The action of the novel nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor 7-nitroindazole (7-NI) was studied in different exploratory models of anxiety. In the rat plus-maze test, 7-NI potently increased time spent on open arms and percentage of open arm visits in a dose dependent manner with the minimal effective dose of 40 mg/kg. 7-NI caused an anxiolytic-like effect(More)
Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) plays an active role in the metabolism of dopamine (DA) in the prefrontal cortex (PFC). Because of low levels of dopamine transporter (DAT), it is proposed that the majority of released DA is taken up by either norepinephrine transporter (NET) and subsequently metabolized by monoamine oxidize (MAO) or by uptake(2) (to(More)
Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) has an important role in the extraneuronal inactivation of catecholamine neurotransmitters and drugs with a catechol structure. Two novel COMT inhibitors, OR-462 and OR-486, were highly effective (IC50 = 18 and 12 nM, respectively) and selective in inhibiting COMT activity in vitro. Tyrosine hydroxylase was not inhibited(More)
1. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is one of the most potent stimulants of food intake. It has been debated which receptor subtype mediates this response. Initially Y(1) was proposed, but later Y(5) was announced as a 'feeding' receptor in rats and mice. Very little is known regarding other mammals. The present study attempts to characterize the role of NPY in feeding(More)