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Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a method for noninvasive estimation of cerebral hemodynamic changes. Principal component analysis (PCA) and independent component analysis (ICA) can be used for decomposing a set of signals to underlying components. Our objective is to determine whether PCA or ICA is more efficient in identifying and removing scalp blood(More)
During the last year exhaled nitric oxide (NO) has been proposed as a marker of airway inflammation. More knowledge of the production and transfer of this molecule are needed in order for NO analysis to become a clinical tool. This was the aim of the study. Exhaled NO values from multiple flow rates were used to model alveolar NO, transfer rate and tissue(More)
BACKGROUND Inadequate analgesia during general anaesthesia may present as undesirable haemodynamic responses. No objective measures of the adequacy of analgesia exist. We aimed at developing a simple numerical measure of the level of surgical stress in an anaesthetized patient. METHODS Sixty and 12 female patients were included in the development and(More)
BACKGROUND Dependent atelectatic lung areas open towards the end of inspiration when the lung opening pressure increases, and recollapse during expiration. We hypothesized that inhaled nitric oxide (NO) counteracts hypoxic vasoconstriction in these collapsing lung areas, resulting in increased pulmonary shunt perfusion. METHODS We administered NO as a(More)
We used near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to study responses to speech and music on the auditory cortices of 13 healthy full-term newborn infants during natural sleep. The purpose of the study was to investigate the lateralization of speech and music responses at this stage of development. NIRS data was recorded from eight positions on both hemispheres(More)
It is a well-known fact that smoking is associated with a reduction in exhaled nitric oxide (NO) levels. There is, however, limited knowledge relating to the smoking-induced changes in production or exchange of NO in different compartments of the airways. This study comprised 221 adult subjects from the European Community Respiratory Health Survey II, who(More)
BACKGROUND Dexmedetomidine, a selective alpha(2)-adrenoceptor agonist, induces a unique, sleep-like state of sedation. The objective of the present work was to study human electroencephalogram (EEG) sleep spindles during dexmedetomidine sedation and compare them with spindles during normal physiological sleep, to test the hypothesis that dexmedetomidine(More)
Smokers have been found to have low exhaled nitric oxide (NO) levels. The aim of the present study was to investigate where in the respiratory system the decrease in NO occurs, and whether this decrease was affected by smoking cessation. Measurements of exhaled NO were carried out in smokers (n=20) and non-smoking control subjects (n=30). In nine of the(More)