Learn More
We used near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to study responses to speech and music on the auditory cortices of 13 healthy full-term newborn infants during natural sleep. The purpose of the study was to investigate the lateralization of speech and music responses at this stage of development. NIRS data was recorded from eight positions on both hemispheres(More)
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a method for noninvasive estimation of cerebral hemodynamic changes. Principal component analysis (PCA) and independent component analysis (ICA) can be used for decomposing a set of signals to underlying components. Our objective is to determine whether PCA or ICA is more efficient in identifying and removing scalp blood(More)
BACKGROUND Dexmedetomidine, a selective alpha(2)-adrenoceptor agonist, induces a unique, sleep-like state of sedation. The objective of the present work was to study human electroencephalogram (EEG) sleep spindles during dexmedetomidine sedation and compare them with spindles during normal physiological sleep, to test the hypothesis that dexmedetomidine(More)
We present the characterization of dry spiked biopotential electrodes and test their suitability to be used in anesthesia monitoring systems based on the measurement of electroencephalographic signals. The spiked electrode consists of an array of microneedles penetrating the outer skin layers. We found a significant dependency of the(More)
It is a well-known fact that smoking is associated with a reduction in exhaled nitric oxide (NO) levels. There is, however, limited knowledge relating to the smoking-induced changes in production or exchange of NO in different compartments of the airways. This study comprised 221 adult subjects from the European Community Respiratory Health Survey II, who(More)
The interaction of brain hemodynamics and neuronal activity has been intensively studied in recent years to yield better understanding of brain function. We investigated the relationship between visual-evoked hemodynamic responses (HDRs), measured with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), and neuronal activity in humans, approximated with the stimulus train(More)
BACKGROUND Pulsed administration of nitric oxide has proven effective in relieving pulmonary hypertension and in improving oxygenation. With this delivery method the nitric oxide administration to low ventilated lung regions is avoided with subsequent enhancement in oxygenation. This study presents (i) pulsed administration technique for nitric oxide during(More)
BACKGROUND A positive association between IgE sensitisation and exhaled NO levels has been found in several studies, but there are no reports on the compartment of the lung that is responsible for the increase in exhaled NO levels seen in IgE-sensitised subjects. METHODS The present study comprised 288 adult subjects from the European Community(More)
In clinically stable asthma the exhaled NO values (F(E)NO) are generally higher than in control subjects. Therefore, reference values are of limited importance in clinical practice. This is demonstrated in this case report, but it is also shown that NO parameters from non-linear modelling do have a clinical value. A subject with asthma was treated with(More)