Pekka Mäkynen

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INTRODUCTION We aimed at identifying the molecular defect underlying the clinical phenotype of a Finnish family with a cardiac conduction defect and atrial arrhythmias. METHODS AND RESULTS A large Finnish family was clinically evaluated (ECG, 24-hour ambulatory ECG, echocardiography). We performed linkage analysis with markers flanking the SCN5A gene and(More)
It is assumed that stenosis of the right coronary artery (RCA) predisposes CABG patients, by way of incomplete atrial myocardial protection, to postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF). Sixty patients with high-grade RCA lesion were randomized into four groups according to the technique of delivery of cold blood cardioplegia: antegrade, retrograde, retrograde(More)
Both atenolol 50 mg daily (A-50) and atenolol 100 mg daily (A-100) significantly reduced the angina attacks per week compared with placebo (p less than 0.05). Nitroglycerine consumption was less on A-50 (p less than 0.05) and on A-100 (p less than 0.025) than on placebo. There was no difference between the atenolol dosages in these respects. In comparison(More)
The antiarrhythmic efficacy and tolerability of encainide and quinidine were compared in an open-design study in which 50 patients with recurrent supraventricular tachyarrhythmias received intravenous encainide in an initial phase and oral encainide and quinidine in a subsequent, randomized crossover phase. Oral encainide (75 to 200 mg/day), administered to(More)
In an investigation of factors influencing the occurrence of supraventricular arrhythmias, ninety-eight patients were randomized to receive either cold blood (n = 49) or cold crystalloid (n = 49) cardioplegia during an elective coronary artery bypass grafting operation and were followed for seven days for the development of postoperative atrial fibrillation(More)
Thirty-eight patients already treated with atenolol 50 mg once daily were randomly assigned to treatment with either hydrochlorothiazide (12.5-25 mg once daily) or lisinopril (10-20 mg once daily) for 8 weeks in a double-blind crossover study. Eight weeks' treatment with the combination of ACE inhibitor and beta-blocker or the diuretic and beta-blocker(More)
One-hundred and nine patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting were randomized to seven groups according to cardioplegia technique (5 types) and right coronary patho-anatomy (2 types). There were no major intergroup differences in postoperative outcome. Conduction disturbances developed in 26 patients, also without intergroup difference. Factors(More)
Postoperative conduction disturbances after coronary artery bypass grafting were analyzed in 100 patients who randomly received either blood or crystalloid cardioplegia. Conduction disturbances, mostly transient, developed after termination of cardiopulmonary bypass in 30 of the 100 patients--15 in either group. Ischaemia appeared to be a major determinant(More)
A system for cardiac electrophysiology (EP) studies consisting of a Windows software package, a standard 120 MHz Pentium PC with a high-performance video card and a data acquisition card has been developed during this study. The system is capable of real time data acquisition and storage of 24 channels with simultaneous display of 1-16 arbitrarily chosen(More)
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