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BACKGROUND Frontostriatal and cognitive dysfunctions in Parkinson's disease (PD) are hypothesized to be linked predominately to dopaminergic dysfunction within neural networks linking dorsal striatum to dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. METHODS The authors evaluated the relationship between frontostriatal dopaminergic function and cognitive performance,(More)
BACKGROUND Free recall memory deficits are common in Parkinson's disease (PD), even at early stages before mild cognitive impairment or dementia. Their association with brain structural changes has not been established. OBJECTIVE We studied local gray matter volumes in relation to different memory tasks in early stage PD. METHODS Magnetic resonance(More)
Frontal lobe dysfunction and other cognitive deficits have been described in Parkinson's disease (PD), which may lead to dementia. Both striatal dopaminergic deficiency and regional or global brain volume loss have been suggested to contribute to cognitive decline in PD. We therefore performed a neuropsychological evaluation, structural brain MRI and Fdopa(More)
UNLABELLED 6-(18)F-fluoro-l-dopa ((18)F-FDOPA) is widely used to investigate dopaminergic hypofunction, for instance, in Parkinson disease (PD). Conventionally, a 90-min scan with either a graphical or a metabolite-purified plasma input approach has been used for quantification. In the clinical setting, to increase compliance, especially in patients with(More)
Verbal fluency impairments are frequent in Parkinson’s disease (PD) and they may be present already at early stages. Semantic fluency impairment is associated with Parkinson’s disease dementia and temporal, frontal and cerebellar cortical changes. Few studies have addressed cerebral structural correlates of different verbal fluency tasks in early stage PD.(More)
The objective of this study was to identify possible group differences between PD patients with dementia and without dementia by combining different functional and structural imaging methods in vivo, which might provide an opportunity to disentangle the pathophysiological correlates of cognitive impairment and dementia in PD. We performed a(More)
Recent neuroimaging evidence suggests that the healthy human brain dopaminergic system may show seasonal rhythmicity, as striatal dopamine synthesis capacity has been reported to be higher during fall and winter. There is additional evidence about season of birth effects on morbidity in several neuropsychiatric disorders. We investigated possible seasonal(More)
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