Pekka Jokinen

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Frontal lobe dysfunction and other cognitive deficits have been described in Parkinson's disease (PD), which may lead to dementia. Both striatal dopaminergic deficiency and regional or global brain volume loss have been suggested to contribute to cognitive decline in PD. We therefore performed a neuropsychological evaluation, structural brain MRI and Fdopa(More)
BACKGROUND Frontostriatal and cognitive dysfunctions in Parkinson's disease (PD) are hypothesized to be linked predominately to dopaminergic dysfunction within neural networks linking dorsal striatum to dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. METHODS The authors evaluated the relationship between frontostriatal dopaminergic function and cognitive performance,(More)
Verbal fluency impairments are frequent in Parkinson's disease (PD) and they may be present already at early stages. Semantic fluency impairment is associated with Parkinson's disease dementia and temporal, frontal and cerebellar cortical changes. Few studies have addressed cerebral structural correlates of different verbal fluency tasks in early stage PD.(More)
UNLABELLED 6-(18)F-fluoro-l-dopa ((18)F-FDOPA) is widely used to investigate dopaminergic hypofunction, for instance, in Parkinson disease (PD). Conventionally, a 90-min scan with either a graphical or a metabolite-purified plasma input approach has been used for quantification. In the clinical setting, to increase compliance, especially in patients with(More)
Pollinating insects form a key component of European biodiversity, and provide a vital ecosystem service to crops and wild plants. There is growing evidence of declines in both wild and domesticated pollinators, and parallel declines in plants relying upon them. The STEP project (Status and Trends of European Pollinators, 2010-2015, www.step-project.net) is(More)
BACKGROUND Free recall memory deficits are common in Parkinson's disease (PD), even at early stages before mild cognitive impairment or dementia. Their association with brain structural changes has not been established. OBJECTIVE We studied local gray matter volumes in relation to different memory tasks in early stage PD. METHODS Magnetic resonance(More)
The objective of this study was to identify possible group differences between PD patients with dementia and without dementia by combining different functional and structural imaging methods in vivo, which might provide an opportunity to disentangle the pathophysiological correlates of cognitive impairment and dementia in PD. We performed a(More)
Recent neuroimaging evidence suggests that the healthy human brain dopaminergic system may show seasonal rhythmicity, as striatal dopamine synthesis capacity has been reported to be higher during fall and winter. There is additional evidence about season of birth effects on morbidity in several neuropsychiatric disorders. We investigated possible seasonal(More)
Arguments in the formulation, implementation and evaluation of biodiversity policy frame conservation in a range of ways and express interests that can be conflicting. Policy processes are cyclic and iterative by nature and as policies are constantly reformulated, argumentation has an important role at each policy stage. In this paper, we utilise the policy(More)
The concept of sustainability has been a part of theory and practice in agriculture for a long time, but the diverse roots of the concept have led to a number of different definitions of sustainable agriculture. This paper provides an overview of the policy development of sustainable agriculture in Finland by examining internal and external discourses of(More)