Pekka Jäkälä

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Abnormal biology of alpha-synuclein (alpha-Syn) is directly implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease and other alpha-synucleinopathies. Herein, we demonstrate that C-terminally truncated alpha-Syn (alpha-SynDeltaC), enriched in the pathological alpha-Syn aggregates, is normally generated from full-length alpha-Syn independent of alpha-Syn(More)
The present study compares, using a double-blind, placebo controlled design the effects of two α2-agonists, clonidine (0.5, 2, and 5 μg/kg) and guanfacine (7 and 29 μg/kg) on spatial working memory, planning and attentional set-shifting, functions thought to be dependent on the “central executive” of the prefrontal cortex. Blood pressure and the subjective(More)
Intracellular inclusions containing alpha-synuclein (alpha SN) are pathognomonic features of several neurodegenerative disorders. Inclusions occur in oligodendrocytes in multiple system atrophy (MSA) and in neurons in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Parkinson's disease (PD). In order to identify disease-associated changes of alpha SN, this study(More)
Real-time monitoring of stimulated dopamine release in mice with different alpha-synuclein expression was used to study the role of alpha-synuclein in presynaptic dopamine recruitment. Repeated electrical stimulations of ascending dopaminergic pathways decreased the capacity of the readily releasable pool (RRP) and temporarily increased its refilling rate,(More)
alpha-Synuclein (alphaSN), also termed the precursor of the non-Abeta component of Alzheimer's disease (AD) amyloid (NACP), is a major component of Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites pathognomonic of Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). A fragment of alphaSN termed the non-Abeta component of AD amyloid (NAC) had previously been(More)
Real-time monitoring of stimulated dopamine release in mice with different -synuclein expression was used to study the role of -synuclein in presynaptic dopamine recruitment. Repeated electrical stimulations of ascending dopaminergic pathways decreased the capacity of the readily releasable pool (RRP) and temporarily increased its refilling rate,(More)
We have generated a transgenic mouse line overexpressing mutated human A30P alpha-synuclein under the control of the prion-related protein promoter. Immunohistology revealed mutated human A30P alpha-synuclein protein in numerous brain areas, but no gross morphological changes, Lewy bodies, or loss of dopaminergic cell bodies. The transgenic mice displayed(More)
The present study compares the effects of two alpha2-agonists, clonidine (0.5, 2, and 5 μg/kg, PO) and guanfacine (7 and 29 μg/kg, PO) in young healthy volunteers on their performance in visual paired associates learning (PAL) and delayed matching to sample (DMTS) visual short-term recognition memory tests. In the PAL test, clonidine 2 and guanfacine 29(More)
We compared cognitive performance and hippocampal volumes using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in adult fragile-X [fra(X)] males and females with either premutation (pM) or full mutation (fM) (n = 10 in all groups). Cognitive performance of fM males in the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised was worse than that of pM males, and the deficits in fM(More)
In the dentate gyrus of the mouse hippocampus, presynaptic recruitment of norepinephrine in response to repeated-burst stimulation can be described in terms of an interaction between storage and readily releasable pools. The dynamics of this interaction depends on neuronal activity (bursting), so that the higher the demand for norepinephrine, the faster it(More)