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Recent developments in infrared laser technology have enabled the design of a compact instrumentation for two-photon excitation microparticle fluorometry (TPX). The microparticles can be used in immunoassays as the antibody-coated solid phase to capture an antigen and then detect it with a fluorescently labeled tracer antibody. Unlike most other methods,(More)
Rapid, high-throughput screening tools are needed to contain the spread of hospital-acquired methicillin (meticillin)-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains. Most techniques used in current clinical practice still require time-consuming culture for primary isolation of the microbe. We present a new phenotypic assay for MRSA screening. The technique(More)
To elucidate processes in the osteoclastic bone resorption, visualise resorption and related actin reorganisation, a combination of imaging technologies and an applicable in vitro model is needed. Nanosized bone powder from matching species is deposited on any biocompatible surface in order to form a thin, translucent, smooth and elastic representation of(More)
Bioaffinity binding assays such as the immunoassay are widely used in life science research. In an immunoassay, specific antibodies are used to bind target molecules in the sample, and quantification of the binding reaction reveals the amount of the target molecules. Here we present a method to measure bioaffinity assays using the two-photon excitation of(More)
Real time observation of reaction kinetics is one of the key features of the newly developed microparticle based two-photon excitation fluorescence immunoassay system (TPX). By observing binding reactions at the surface of individual microparticles during the incubation of an assay, the binding constants of an assay become apparent. This paper describes the(More)
We describe the use of fluorophore-doped nanoparticles as reporters in a recently developed ArcDia TPX bioaffinity assay technique. The ArcDia TPX technique is based on the use of polymer microspheres as solid-phase reaction carrier, fluorescent bioaffinity reagents, and detection of two-photon excited fluorescence. This new assay technique enables(More)
New separation-free assay methods for the rapid detection of influenza A and B virus antigens are presented. The methods employ dry-chemistry reagents and the recently developed two-photon excitation (TPX) fluorescence detection technology. According to the assay scheme, virus antigens are sandwiched by capture antibody onto polymer microspheres and(More)
A new separation-free method for detection of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) is described. The method is based on the single base extension principle, fluorescently labeled dideoxy nucleotides and two-photon fluorescence excitation technology, known as ArcDia trade mark TPX technology. In this assay technique, template-directed single base extension(More)
Application of two-photon excitation of fluorescence in microscopy is one of the major discoveries of the "renaissance" of light microscopy that started in the 1980s. The technique derives its advantages from the biologically "smooth" wavelength of the excitation light and the confinement of the excitation. Difficult, and seemingly nontransparent, samples(More)
The use of two-photon excitation of fluorescence for detection of fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) was studied for a selected fluorescent donor–acceptor pair. A method based on labeled DNA was developed for controlling the distance between the donor and the acceptor molecules. The method consists of hybridization of fluorescent oligonucleotides(More)