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Glycinergic and GABAergic inhibition are juxtaposed at one retinal synaptic layer yet likely perform different functions. These functions have usually been evaluated using receptor antagonists. In examining retinal glycine receptors, we were surprised to find that commonly used concentrations of GABA antagonists blocked significant fractions of the glycine(More)
Spin-transfer torque random access memory (STT-RAM) has recently gained increased attentions from circuit design and architecture societies. Although STT-RAM offers a good combination of small cell size, nanosecond access time and non-volatility for embedded memory applications, the reliability of STT-RAM is severely impacted by device variations and(More)
Novel nonvolatile memory (NVM) technologies are gaining significant attention from semiconductor industry in the competition of universal memory development. However, as nanoscale devices, these emerging NVMs suffer from the intrinsic technology challenges such as large process variations. The importance of effective statistical approaches for yield(More)
Giardia lamblia is recognized as one of the most prevalent parasites in dogs. The present study aimed to establish a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for rapid and specific detection of G. lamblia from dogs. The fecal samples were collected and prepared for microscopic analysis, and then the genomic DNA was extracted directly from(More)
OBJECTIVE As one of the most popular and extensively studied paradigms of brain-computer interfaces (BCIs), event-related potential-based BCIs (ERP-BCIs) are usually built and tested in ideal laboratory settings in most existing studies, with subjects concentrating on stimuli and intentionally avoiding possible distractors. This study is aimed at examining(More)
In this paper, we improve the convergence theorem in the paper by Yang (Journal of Industrial and Management Optimization 1, 211–217, 2005), and propose a new modified convergence theorem. The theorem and the proof presented in the present paper are interesting improvements on the convergence theorem of Yang.