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Glycinergic and GABAergic inhibition are juxtaposed at one retinal synaptic layer yet likely perform different functions. These functions have usually been evaluated using receptor antagonists. In examining retinal glycine receptors, we were surprised to find that commonly used concentrations of GABA antagonists blocked significant fractions of the glycine(More)
Spin-transfer torque random access memory (STT-RAM) has recently gained increased attentions from circuit design and architecture societies. Although STT-RAM offers a good combination of small cell size, nanosecond access time and non-volatility for embedded memory applications, the reliability of STT-RAM is severely impacted by device variations and(More)
EPB41L4A-AS2 is a novel long non-coding RNA of unknown function. In this study, we investigated the expression of EPB41L4A-AS2 in breast cancer tissues and evaluated its relationship with the clinicopathological features and prognosis of patients with breast cancer. This entailed conducting a meta-analysis and prognosis validation study using two cohorts(More)
Spin-transfer torque magnetic random access memory (STT-MRAM) is a promising emerging memory technology due to its various advantageous features such as scalability, nonvolatility, density, endurance, and fast speed. However, the reliability of STT-MRAM is severely impacted by environmental disturbances because radiation strike on the access transistor(More)
Spin-transfer torque random access memory (STT-RAM) is a promising candidate for next-generation non-volatile memory technologies. It combines many attractive attributes such as nanosecond access time, high integration density, non-volatility, and good CMOS process compatibility. However, process variation continues to be a critical issue in the designs of(More)
Novel nonvolatile memory (NVM) technologies are gaining significant attention from semiconductor industry in the competition of universal memory development. However, as nanoscale devices, these emerging NVMs suffer from the intrinsic technology challenges such as large process variations. The importance of effective statistical approaches for yield(More)
By combining the flexibility of MOS logic and the nonvolatility of spintronic devices, Spin-MOS logic and storage circuitries offer a promising approach to implement a highly integrated, power-efficient, and nonvolatile computing and storage systems. Besides the persistent errors due to process variations, however, the functional correctness of Spin-MOS(More)
A new nonvolatile latch design is proposed based on the magnetic tunneling junction (MTJ) devices. In the standby mode, the latched data can be retained in the MTJs without consuming any power. Two types of operation errors, namely, persistent and non-persistent errors, are quantitatively analyzed by including the process variations and thermal fluctuations(More)
Giardia lamblia is recognized as one of the most prevalent parasites in dogs. The present study aimed to establish a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for rapid and specific detection of G. lamblia from dogs. The fecal samples were collected and prepared for microscopic analysis, and then the genomic DNA was extracted directly from(More)